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ERIC Number: ED015832
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Dec
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECTS OF FAMILIARITY ON THE PERCEPTUAL RECOGNITION AND CATEGORIZATION OF VERBAL INFORMATION.
SMITH, EDWARD
THE EFFECTS OF FAMILIARITY ON THE PROCESSING OF STIMULUS AND MEMORIAL INFORMATION WERE INVESTIGATED IN TWO TASKS--ONE WHICH SUPPOSEDLY REQUIRED ONLY THE PERCEPTUAL RECOGNITION OF EACH STIMULUS WORD (E TASK) AND ONE WHICH REQUIRED A MEANINGFUL CATEGORIZATION OF EACH STIMULUS WORD (C TASK). FIFTY UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN UNDERGRADUATES WHO WERE PAID VOLUNTEERS SERVED AS SUBJECTS. THE TARGET SETS OF WORDS WERE DEFINED BY ENUMERATION (E) AND BY CATEGORY MEMBERSHIP (C), AND THEIR SIZE WAS 1, 2, OR 4. RESPONSE TIME WAS THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE. TARGET AND NONTARGET WORDS VARIED IN FAMILIARITY. AN ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE INDICATED THAT ALL REACTION TIME CURVES WERE CHARACTERIZED BY A STEEPER SLOPE BETWEEN 1 AND 2 TARGETS THAN BETWEEN 2 AND 4 TARGETS. SUBJECTS RESPONDED TO THE SECOND OCCURRENCE OF A WORD FASTER THAN THEY DID TO THE FIRST OCCURRENCE. THE MEMORY PROCESS RATHER THAN THE RECOGNITION PROCESS SEEMED TO BE SENSITIVE TO THE FAMILIARITY VARIATION. IN THE C TASK IT APPEARED THAT FAMILIARITY AFFECTED BOTH THE RETRIEVAL AND TESTING OF THE STORED INFORMATION ABOUT THE MEANINGS OF THE STIMULUS WORDS. APPENDIXES, TABLES, AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE INCLUDED. THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE FROM THE CLEARINGHOUSE FOR FEDERAL SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION AS AD 656 715. (BK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Washington, DC.; Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Coll. of Literature, Science, and the Arts.
Identifiers: N/A