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ERIC Number: ED015792
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EVALUATION OF PROJECT HEAD START--A CONCEPTUAL STATEMENT.
MCDAVID, JOHN W.
EVALUATION OF HEADSTART HAS AS ITS GENERAL CRITERION OF EFFECTIVENESS THE RATIO BETWEEN COST AND BENEFIT. IF THE LATTER CAN BE DEMONSTRATED TO JUSTIFY THE FORMER, THE INTERVENTION PROJECT IS A GOOD INVESTMENT IN TERMS OF IMMEDIATE HELP FOR THE DISADVANTAGED PRESCHOOLER AND IN LONG RANGE BENEFITS FOR HIS FAMILY, COMMUNITY, AND SOCIETY. IN TERMS OF A MODEL, INPUT (POPULATION) PLUS OPERATIONS (PROGRAM ATTRIBUTES) MUST YIELD OUTPUT (CHANGES IN POPULATION ATTRIBUTES). IT IS DIFFICULT TO ASSESS AN OVERALL PROGRAM WHICH HAS SUCH A LARGE NUMBER OF VARIABLES, BUT HEADSTART GOALS CAN BE TRANSLATED INTO OPERATIONAL DIMENSIONS. THUS, THE PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH, SOCIAL ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR, AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS OF THE CHILDREN BECOME SOME OF THE OUTPUT VARIABLES WHICH CAN BE MEASURED BY PRE- AND POST-TESTING. METHODS OF ASSESSMENT OF THESE VARIABLES INCLUDE THE USE OF STANDARDIZED TESTS, NEW TESTS DEVELOPED SPECIFICALLY TO MEASURE DISADVANTAGED POPULATIONS, FILES ACCUMULATED AT HEADSTART CENTERS, AND CLASSROOM OBSERVATIONAL PROCEDURES. APPLIED RESEARCH WILL BE EMPHASIZED IN THE 13 EVALUATION AND RESEARCH CENTERS THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY WHICH WILL IMPLEMENT THE ONGOING EVALUATION. BOTH CROSS-SECTIONAL AND LONGITUDINAL EVALUATION DESIGNS WILL BE NEEDED TO MEASURE HEADSTART'S SHORT AND LONG RANGE EFFECTS. (MS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: PROJECT HEADSTART