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ERIC Number: ED015509
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Sep
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
BUILDING GENERALIZED RESPONSE SYSTEMS.
PETERSON, ROBERT F.
BAER, PETERSON, AND SHERMAN HAVE ATTEMPTED TO BUILD A GENERALIZED RESPONSE SYSTEM (GRS) IN THE FORM OF IMITATIVE BEHAVIORS (IB) IN THREE SEVERELY RETARDED CHILDREN (S'S). IN THE FIRST PHASE OF THE STUDY, 130 IMITATIVE RESPONSES WERE TAUGHT BY IMMEDIATE, INDIVIDUAL REINFORCEMENT. THE S'S ALSO PERFORMED RESPONSES WHICH WERE NEVER REINFORCED. BY MANIPULATING THE PRESENTATION OF THE IMITATIVE STIMULUS, IT WAS POSSIBLE TO FURTHER CONTROL A GROUP OF BEHAVIORS AND ISOLATE A SUBSET OF THE IMITATIVE CLASS. IN ASSESSING THE STRENGTH OF THE INTERRELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN IB, IT WAS FOUND THAT AN IMITATIVE STIMULUS COULD BE EXTINGUISHED INDIVIDUALLY, BUT WHEN PRESENTED WITH OTHER REINFORCED IMITATIVE STIMULI, THE CHILD PERFORMED THE RESPONSE. THE SIMILARITY OF RESPONSE BETWEEN CHILD AND MODEL IN MAINTAINING NONREINFORCED IB WAS ALSO STUDIED. RESULTS WERE NEGATIVE. FINDINGS INDICATE THAT BOTH IB AND NONIMITATIVE BEHAVIORS ARE PART OF A GRS. BUILDING A GRS MUST INVOLVE COMMON ELICITING, DISCRIMINATING, OR REINFORCING STIMULI. ISOLATION OF THE STIMULI DIMENSIONS WHICH CAUSE INTERLOCKING BEHAVIORS MAY BE AN IMPORTANT AREA FOR FUTURE RESEARCH. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION CONVENTION (75TH, WASHINGTON, D.C., SEPTEMBER 1967). (PR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A