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ERIC Number: ED015430
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ADULT EDUCATION IN PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, 1950-1958.
LIN, VINCENT T.C.
ADULT EDUCATION IN PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA IS A BASIC CONDITION FOR THE TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM AND AN INSTRUMENT FOR CONSOLIDATING THE PROLETARIAN DICTATORSHIP AND TRAINING PERSONNEL FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. IT HAS THREE FUNCTIONS--ERADICATING ILLITERACY, CREATING A NEW TYPE OF CITIZEN, AND DEVELOPING A NEW INTELLIGENSIA FROM THE WORKING CLASSES. THE GUIDING PRINCIPLE OF THE LITERACY CAMPAIGN IS THE "MASS LINE," WHICH REQUIRES THAT ADULT EDUCATION BE A MASS SOCIAL MOVEMENT, INITIATED AND CARRRIED OUT BY THE PEOPLE BUT RIGIDLY DIRECTED AND CONTROLLED AT ALL LEVELS BY THE COMMUNIST PARTY. THIS CONCEPT SEEMS APPROPRIATE TO A TRADITIONAL, AUTHORITY-ORIENTED SOCIETY AND HAS SUCCEEDED IN EFFECTING MASS BEHAVIORAL CHANGE AND AVOIDING SOME SOCIAL DISLOCATIONS NORMALLY ORIGINATING IN THE CHANGE PROCESS. THE COMMUNISTS FAILED TO SOLVE MANY PROBLEMS DURING THE YEARS 1950-58, AMONG THEM THE TEACHER SHORTAGE AND THE HEAVY DEMAND ON THE LEARNER'S TIME. COMMUNIST ADULT EDUCATION HAS SIMPLIFIED THE WRITTEN LANGUAGE, POPULARIZED THE NATIONAL COMMON SPEECH, AND MADE LITERACY MEANINGFUL. UNSOLVED PROBLEMS ARE DUE TO INADEQUATE MEANS AND AN UNREALISTIC ACCELERATION OF THE PROGRAM. THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE FROM UNIVERSITY MICROFILMS, ANN ARBOR, MICH., ORDER NO. 64-2092. MICROFILM $6.15. XEROGRAPHY $21.85. 482 PAGES. (AUTHOR/AJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: China