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ERIC Number: ED015288
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Jan-1
Pages: 184
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AMERICA'S INDUSTRIAL AND OCCUPATIONAL MANPOWER REQUIREMENTS. 1964-75.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.
CONDUCTED AT THE REQUEST OF THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON TECHNOLOGY, AUTOMATION, AND ECONOMIC PROGRESS, THIS STUDY PROJECTS THE MANPOWER REQUIREMENTS OF THE UNITED STATES TO 1975, UNDER THE ASSUMPTION THAT THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE WILL BE 3 PERCENT. THE MAJOR CONCLUSION OF THE STUDY, WHICH TAKES INTO ACCOUNT EVERY TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE IN AMERICAN INDUSTRY THAT CAN BE IDENTIFIED AND MAKES A CAREFUL APPRAISAL OF ITS POTENTIAL EFFECT ON EMPLOYMENT, IS THAT THE OVERALL DEMAND FOR LESS-SKILLED WORKERS WILL NOT DECREASE OVER THIS 11-YEAR PERIOD, ALTHOUGH IT WILL DECLINE SOMEWHAT AS A PERCENTAGE OF THE TOTAL. OTHER FINDINGS INCLUDE -- (1) GIVEN THE PROJECTED GROWTH OF THE LABOR FORCE, THE ASSUMPTIONS MADE IMPLY THAT 88.7 MILLION PERSONS WILL BE GAINFULLY EMPLOYED IN 1975, 18.3 MILLION MORE THAN IN 1964, (2) WHILE FARM EMPLOYMENT IS EXPECTED TO DECLINE BY ABOUT ONE MILLION, ALL OTHER EMPLOYMENT IS EXPECTED TO INCREASE BY OVER 19 MILLION, (3) REQUIREMENTS OF GOODS PRODUCING INDUSTRIES WILL INCREASE BY 17 PERCENT AND THOSE IN THE SERVICE PRODUCING SECTOR BY 38 PERCENT, (4) THE EFFECT OF THESE TRENDS WILL BE TO CONTINUE RECENT CHANGES IN THE INDUSTRIAL COMPOSITION OF THE ECONOMY, (5) OCCUPATIONALLY, THE GREATEST INCREASE IN REQUIREMENTS WILL BE FOR PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL WORKERS, AN INCREASE OF 54 PERCENT OR 4.5 MILLION ADDITIONAL PERSONNEL, AND (6) THE OCCUPATIONAL REQUIREMENT CHANGES COULD MOST ADVERSELY AFFECT NONWHITE WORKERS, YOUNG WORKERS, AND WOMEN WORKERS. (ET)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: N/A