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ERIC Number: ED015285
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Dec
Pages: 33
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE "MACK" WORKER, THE IMPACT OF HIS JOB LOSS 2 1/2 YEARS LATER. AUTOMATION MANPOWER SERVICES, PROGRAM REPORT.
INDIK, BERNARD P.
THE LONG TERM CONSEQUENCES OF A LARGE PLANT SHUTDOWN IN TERMS OF THE INDIVIDUALS INVOLVED AND CHARACTERISTICS SHOWN TO BE IMPORTANT INDICATORS OF THEIR REEMPLOYABILITY WERE DESCRIBED IN A 1962 STUDY. THIS FOLLOWUP STUDY CLARIFIED AND AMPLIFIED THE EARLIER FINDINGS TO SHOW MORE LONG TERM CONSEQUENCES. OF THE 3,100 PEOPLE LAID OFF, THE ORIGINAL STUDY HAD A SAMPLE OF 2,456 AND THE FOLLOWUP A MATCHED SAMPLE OF 1,117. GENERALLY, THE FOLLOWUP FINDINGS REINFORCED THOSE OF THE ORIGINAL STUDY AND REAFFIRMED ITS CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS. CHARACTERISTICS DIFFERENTIATING THE EMPLOYED FROM THE UNEMPLOYED AT THE TIME OF BOTH STUDIES AND COMPARISON OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS IN BOTH STUDIES WERE REPORTED. IN 1962, 20.4 PERCENT, AND IN 1964, 23 PERCENT WERE UNEMPLOYED. OF THE 76 PERCENT WORKING IN 1964, 59 PERCENT WERE WORKING AT THE SAME JOB, 27 PERCENT HAD HAD TWO JOBS, AND 17 PERCENT HAD HAD THREE OR MORE JOBS, AND OF THOSE NOT WORKING, OVER 45 PERCENT HAD WORKED SINCE THE LAYOFF, AND 42.5 PERCENT HAD NOT WORKED. BOTH SAMPLES SHOWED HIGHER UNEMPLOYMENT AMONG THOSE WITH ONLY A GRAMMAR SCHOOL EDUCATION, AND BOTH INDICATED THAT HAVING TWO OR MORE DEPENDENTS AND OWNING A HOME WERE FACTORS RELATED TO BECOMING REEMPLOYED. A HIGHER PROPORTION OF REEMPLOYED WORKERS HAD TAKEN TESTS AND RECEIVED TRAINING THROUGH THE EMPLOYMENT SERVICE. REFERRAL TO NEW JOBS WAS THE KEY SERVICE OFFERED BY THE EMPLOYMENT SERVICE, AND THOUGH ITS RECORDS SHOWED THAT 20 PERCENT OF THE MACK POPULATION WERE REFERRED TO NEW JOBS, QUESTIONNAIRE RESPONSE SAID ONLY 5 PERCENT OBTAINED THEIR NEW JOBS THIS WAY. THE REEMPLOYED WORKERS TENDED TO BE WORKING AT LOWER PAYING JOBS REQUIRING USE OF FEWER OF THEIR SKILLS AND THE SAME OR LONGER HOURS. IT WAS RECOMMENDED THAT SUPPORT BE GIVEN THROUGH NECESSARY FUNDING AND STAFFING FOR A COMPLETE FOLLOW-THROUGH AND TESTING OF FINDINGS. (MM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bureau of Employment Security (DOL), Washington, DC.; New Jersey State Employment Service, Trenton.
Identifiers: MACK TRUCK CORPORATION; NEW JERSEY; New Jersey (Plainfield)