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ERIC Number: ED015272
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CHILD CARE ARRANGEMENTS OF THE NATION'S WORKING MOTHERS, 1965, A PRELIMINARY REPORT.
BRITTAIN, CLAY; LOW, SETH
THE BUREAU OF CENSUS, USING ITS NATIONAL SAMPLE OF HOUSEHOLDS, SURVEYED CHILD CARE ARRANGEMENTS OF MOTHERS WHO HAD WORKED 27 WEEKS OR MORE DURING 1964 AND HAD AT LEAST ONE CHILD UNDER 14 YEARS OLD LIVING AT HOME. ONE-EIGHTH OF THE NATIONAL WORK FORCE WAS COMPOSED OF WORKING MOTHERS WITH CHILDREN UNDER 18. ONE-THIRD OF THE MOTHERS WITH CHILDREN UNDER 18 AND ONE-FOURTH WITH CHILDREN UNDER 6 WORKED. IN THE 1970'S, A 43 PERCENT RISE IN NUMBER OF WORKING MOTHERS OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IS EXPECTED. THE 6.1 MILLION WORKING MOTHERS HAD 12.3 MILLION CHILDREN UNDER 14, ONE-FIFTH OF ALL AMERICAN CHILDREN IN THIS AGE GROUP. THESE EMPLOYED MOTHERS, 86 PERCENT WORKING FOR ECONOMIC AND 14 PERCENT FOR NONECONOMIC REASONS, REPORTED THEIR CHILD CARE ARRANGEMENTS -- (1) 46 PERCENT WERE CARED FOR IN THEIR OWN HOMES, 15 PERCENT BY THE FATHER, 21 PERCENT BY ANOTHER RELATIVE, AND 10 PERCENT BY A NONRELATIVE, (2) 15 PERCENT WERE CARED FOR IN SOMEONE ELSE'S HOME, (3) 2 PERCENT WERE IN GROUP CARE IN DAY CARE CENTERS OR SIMILAR FACILITIES, (4) 8 PERCENT CARED FOR THEMSELVES, (5) 13 PERCENT WERE CARED FOR BY THEIR OWN MOTHERS AS THEY WORKED, AND (6) 15 PERCENT HAD MOTHERS WHO WORKED ONLY DURING SCHOOL HOURS. FAMILY INCOME WAS CORRELATED WITH CHILD CARE PRACTICES IN THAT IN LOWER INCOME GROUPS, MORE CHILDREN WERE CARED FOR BY RELATIVES, MORE WERE EXPECTED TO CARE FOR THEMSELVES, AND MORE MOTHERS CARED FOR THEIR OWN CHILD AS THEY WORKED. FAMILY DAY CARE OR GROUP CARE ARRANGEMENTS DID NOT SEEM TO BE ASSOCIATED WITH FAMILY INCOME. HOURS OF CHILD CARE PER WEEK VARIED FROM LESS THAN 10 TO 50 OR MORE. COST PER WEEK VARIED FROM LESS THAN $5 TO $15 OR MORE. (FP)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Children's Bureau (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: N/A