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ERIC Number: ED015179
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ORAL DRILLS AND WRITING IMPROVEMENT IN THE FOURTH GRADE.
MILLER, BARBARA D.; NEY, JAMES W.
BELIEVING FORMAL WRITTEN ENGLISH TO BE A "FOREIGN LANGUAGE" TO MOST AMERICAN PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS USED THE AUDIO-LINGUAL METHOD OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION TO PROMOTE WRITING IMPROVEMENT IN FOURTH-GRADERS. TWO RANDOMLY-SELECTED CLASSES OF STUDENTS OF AVERAGE ABILITY COMPOSED THE STUDY POPULATION--ONE CLASS FOR THE EXPERIMENT, THE OTHER FOR THE CONTROL. BOTH CLASSES WERE INVOLVED IN SIMILAR ACTIVITIES OF A TRADITIONAL LANGUAGE ARTS PROGRAM. THE STUDENTS' WRITTEN REACTIONS TO THE SAME FILM SERVED AS THE PRE-TEST FOR THE EXPERIMENT. THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP PRACTICED COMBINING TEN SETS OF TWO SENTENCES INTO TEN SINGLE SENTENCES THROUGH SUBORDINATION. THESE DAILY PRACTICE SESSIONS OF BOTH ORAL AND WRITTEN EXERCISES LASTED FOR 30 TO 45 MINUTES FOR 35 CLASS PERIODS. THE EXERCISES WERE DESIGNED TO CONDITION THE PRODUCTION OF SENTENCES BY EMPLOYING (1) RELATIVE CAUSES BEGINNING WITH "WHO,""WHOM,""WHAT,""WHICH," AND "WHERE," AND CONSTRUCTIONS DERIVED FROM THEM AND (2) INTRODUCTORY ADVERBIAL CLAUSES. A POST-TEST FOR BOTH GROUPS CONSISTED OF A SECOND WRITING EXERCISE PROMPTED BY THE SAME FILM SHOWN FOR THE PRE-TEST. AN ANALYSIS OF DATA FROM THE TWO TESTS INDICATED THAT THE USE OF ORAL AND WRITTEN DRILLS CONDITIONED THE STUDENTS TO PRODUCE CERTAIN STRUCTURES IN THEIR WRITING WITH INCREASING FREQUENCY AND GAVE THEM GREATER FACILITY IN WRITING, WHICH LED TO LONGER COMPOSITIONS. THIS REPORT APPEARS IN "THE JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL EDUCATION," VOL. 36, NO. 1, FALL 1967. (RD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A