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ERIC Number: ED015169
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-May-6
Pages: 3
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE TEACHER'S ROLE IN CLASSES USING SELF-STUDY MATERIALS.
COULSON, JOHN E.
2 STUDIES DESIGNED TO EXPLORE THE ROLE OF THE TEACHER IN THE CLASSROOM ARE DESCRIBED. THE FIRST STUDY USED ABOUT 5 HOURS OF PROGRAMED HIGH SCHOOL GEOMETRY MATERIALS. IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT EFFECTIVENESS OF THESE MATERIALS WOULD BE INCREASED IF THE TEACHER ACTIVELY AUGMENTED INSTRUCTION THROUGH REPHRASING DIFFICULT ITEMS, ADDING EXAMPLES, WORKING PROBLEMS WITH THE STUDENT AND BRANCHING THE STUDENT TO DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE PROGRAM. COMPARISON OF THIS ACTIVE TEACHER ROLE, WITH A MERELY MONITORIAL ONE, REVEALED NO DIFFERENCES AMONG TREATMENT GROUPS ON A POSTTEST. RESULTS LEAD TO THE CONJECTURE THAT THE TEACHER SHOULD PROGRAM HIS OWN BEHAVIOR AS CAREFULLY AS THE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL IS PROGRAMMED, IN ORDER TO BE ABLE TO AUGMENT THE MATERIAL. THE SECOND STUDY IS AN ATTEMPT TO APPLY EMPIRICAL TRIAL-AND-REVISION PROCEDURES TO IMPROVE CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION FOR FIRST-GRADE MEXICAN-AMERICAN CHILDREN. CLASSROOM OBSERVATION OF READING INSTRUCTION IN 2 ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS COUPLED WITH A TESTING PROGRAM REVEALED PARTICULAR DEFICIENCY IN USE OF SOME PARTICULARLY CRITICAL ADJECTIVES AND PREPOSITIONS. THE PLAN IS TO DEVELOP A DECISION FLOW CHART FROM USEFUL TECHNIQUES TO HELP THE TEACHER SELECT MATERIALS AND METHODS FOR DIFFERENT CHILDREN. USE OF OTHER CHILDREN AND PARENTS AS TUTORS, AND TANGIBLE REINFORCERS AS WELL AS MANY TYPES OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ARE UNDER CONSIDERATION. PAPER PRESENTED AT THE WESTERN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC. CONVENTION, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF. MAY 6, 1967. (AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A