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ERIC Number: ED015111
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Dec
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECT OF MEMORY SPAN ON CUE PATTERNS IN WORD RECOGNITION.
WEISSGLASS, ROBERTA
KINDERGARTEN CHILDREN WERE USED AS SUBJECTS IN AN ATTEMPT TO DISCOVER WHETHER CHILDREN WITH SHORT AND LONG MEMORY SPANS USE DIFFERENT CUES TO RECOGNIZE WORDS AND WHETHER MEMORY SPAN TESTS ARE EFFECTIVE PREDICTORS OF DIFFICULTY IN LEARNING TO READ. IT WAS HOPED THAT CHILDREN WOULD EXHIBIT A CONSISTENT PATTERN OF CHOICES OVER TRIALS, WHICH MIGHT HAVE IMPLICATIONS FOR TEACHING WORD RECOGNITION AND OTHER READING SKILLS. THE DIGIT SPAN SUBTEST OF THE WECHSLER INTELLIGENCE SCALE FOR CHILDREN, AN AUDITORY TEST, MEASURED MEMORY SPAN AND WAS USED AS THE SCREENING DEVICE. FIVE-LETTER NONSENSE WORDS COMPRISED THE WORD RECOGNITION TASK. CHILDREN WERE REQUIRED TO SELECT FROM A GROUP OF NONSENSE WORDS THE ONE SIMILAR TO THE WORD THAT HAD JUST BEEN SHOWN TO THEM. EACH WORD IN THE RESPONSE GROUP CONTAINED ONE CUE WHICH APPEARED IN THE SAME POSITION AS IN THE STIMULUS WORD WITH THE OTHER CUES HELD CONSTANT. FIVE CUES WERE EXAMINED--POSITIONS 1, 2, 3, 4, AND 5, AND EACH SUBJECT HAD AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY TO RESPOND TO EACH CUE. ALL GROUPS SHOWED A PREFERENCE FOR CUE 1, AND THERE WAS A TENDENCY TO RESPOND TO CUE 3 AND CUE 5. AN AVOIDANCE EFFECT SEEMED TO BE OPERATING WITH CUE 2 AND CUE 4. THE RESULTS ON FRIEDMAN'S ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE OF RANKS INDICATED THAT RANDOM SELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN OPERATING FOR BOYS AND GIRLS IN THE LOW MEMORY SPAN GROUP. FOR THE MIDDLE AND HIGH MEMORY SPAN BOYS, A PREFERENCE PATTERN WAS NOT LIKELY TO ARISE BY CHANCE. TABLES, 24 REFERENCES, AND AN EXAMPLE OF THE FORM FOR RECORDING RESPONSE CHOICES ARE INCLUDED. (AUTHOR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Learning and Re-Education.
Identifiers: MADISON; UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN