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ERIC Number: ED015096
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
READING--A THINKING PROCESS.
STAUFFER, RUSSELL G.
IN ORDER TO TEACH READING AS A THINKING PROCESS, TEACHERS SHOULD BELIEVE THAT CHILDREN CAN THINK AND CAN BE TAUGHT TO READ CRITICALLY, EVEN AT A VERY YOUNG AGE. THREE ASPECTS OF THE READING-THINKING PROCESS INCLUDE DECLARATION OF PURPOSES, REASONING, AND JUDGMENT. THE NATURE OF THE PURPOSES DETERMINES WHAT IS TO BE READ AND HOW IT IS TO BE READ. REASONING WHILE READING INVOLVES THE MANIPULATION OF IDEAS TO DISCOVER LOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS WHICH EVENTUALLY LEAD THE READER TO MAKE JUDGMENTS. A FOURTH ASPECT MIGHT BE THE REFINEMENT AND EXTENSION OF IDEAS. THE DIRECTED READING-THINKING ACTIVITY PLAN IS SUGGESTED FOR USE WITH A GROUP USING THE SAME MATERIALS AT THE SAME TIME UNDER TEACHER GUIDANCE. THE PLAN INVOLVES (1) IDENTIFYING PURPOSES FOR READING, (2) GUIDING THE ADJUSTMENT OF RATE TO PURPOSE AND MATERIAL, (3) OBSERVING, (4) DEVELOPING COMPREHENSION, AND (5) CONDUCTING FUNDAMENTAL SKILL TRAINING ACTIVITIES. THE PLAN PROCEEDS ON THE ASSUMPTION THAT CHILDREN ARE CAPABLE OF THINKING, ACTING PURPOSEFULLY, EXAMINING, USING EXPERIENCE AND KNOWLEDGE, WEIGHING FACTS, MAKING JUDGMENTS, HAVING INTERESTS, LEARNING, UNDERSTANDING, AND MAKING GENERALIZATIONS. THIS PAPER IS IN "READING AND THINKING, PROCEEDINGS OF THE 22ND ANNUAL READING INSTITUTE AT TEMPLE UNIVERSITY," TEMPLE UNIVERSITY, PHILADELPHIA, PA., 1965. (NS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ANNUAL READING INSTITUTE; Temple University PA; UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE