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ERIC Number: ED015017
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Aug
Pages: 67
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE TRANSITION FROM HOME TO SCHOOL. FINAL REPORT.
SECORD, PAUL F.
THE TRADITIONAL VIEW THAT A CHILD'S INTELLECTUAL ACHIEVEMENTS DEPEND PRIMARILY UPON GENETIC PREDISPOSITIONS IS NOW BEING SUPERSEDED BY THE IDEA, SUPPORTED BY MANY RECENT STUDIES, THAT THE FACTORS OF ENVIRONMENT AND EXPERIENCE PROFOUNDLY AFFECT PERFORMANCE ON MENTAL TASKS AND SUCCESS IN THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM. THE SOCIOECONOMIC LEVEL OF THE PUPIL IS AN IMPORTANT INFLUENCE ON A CHILD'S INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT BECAUSE IT DETERMINES, FOR THE MOST PART, THE ENVIRONMENT AND TYPES OF EXPERIENCES A PUPIL WILL HAVE. TWO TYPES WHICH ARE OF PARTICULAR IMPORT ARE (1) THE QUALITY OF PRESCHOOL EXPERIENCE AND (2) THE QUALITY OF EARLY EXPERIENCE IN THE PRIMARY GRADES. IN OTHER WORDS, THE TYPE OF FAMILY A CHILD IS A PART OF (ITS ATTITUDES AND AMBITIONS) AND THE TYPE OF SCHOOL HE FIRST ATTENDS MAY SIGNIFICANTLY INFLUENCE HIS LATER LEARNING ACHIEVEMENTS. BOTH THE TYPE OF FAMILY LIFE AND TYPE OF EARLY SCHOOLING A LOWER CLASS CHILD EXPERIENCES CAUSES HIM TO BE BEHIND HIS UPPER CLASS PEERS IN INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT AND TO REMAIN BEHIND THEM. THE MODERN TREND OF SCHOOLS TOWARD ABILITY GROUPING, THAT IS, SEPARATING THE GOOD STUDENTS FROM THE POOR STUDENTS, MAY ALSO CONTRIBUTE TO HALTING OR DISCOURAGING THE MENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS WHO ARE BEHIND THE OTHERS. ABILITY GROUPING MAY ADVERSELY AFFECT TEACHER ATTITUDES TOWARD LOWER-ABILITY GROUPS AND MAY DEPRESS THE MORALE OF SUCH GROUPS. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Nevada Univ., Reno.
Identifiers: N/A