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ERIC Number: ED014907
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Nov
Pages: 436
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INSTRUCTIONAL ILLUSTRATIONS--A SURVEY OF TYPES OCCURRING IN PRINT MATERIALS FOR FOUR SUBJECT AREAS.
FLEMING, MALCOLM L.
OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY WERE TO DESIGN AND TEST A TAXONOMY OF ILLUSTRATIONS OF 4 TYPES--PHYSICAL (PICTURES), VERBAL MODIFIER (CAPTION), EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVE, AND SUBJECT MATTER. CHI-SQUARE ANALYSIS OF ASSOCIATION AMONG THE TYPES IN A SAMPLE OF 40 GRADE 8 TEXTS IN 4 SUBJECT AREAS WOULD SUGGEST HYPOTHESES FOR FURTHER SYSTEMATIC RESEARCH RELATING ILLUSTRATIONS TO STUDENT LEARNING AND PERCEPTION. A PROPORTIONAL RANDOM SAMPLE OF 787 ILLUSTRATIONS WAS DRAWN FROM ENGLISH, HISTORY, MATH AND SCIENCE TEXTS THAT WERE ASSUMED TO REPRESENT A RANGE OF ILLUSTRATION TYPES. THE PHYSICAL AND THE OBJECTIVE TYPES IN THE ILLUSTRATIONS WERE NOMINALLY CLASSIFIED BY TEACHER-JUDGES WITH RELIABILITY IN SOME INSTANCES AS LOW AS .55. MANY SIGNIFICANT ASSOCIATIONS WERE FOUND IN 101 CHI-SQUARE ANALYSES UNDER 5 HEADINGS, WITH THESE GENERAL CONCLUSIONS. SUBJECT MATTER WAS SIGNIFICANTLY ASSOCIATED WITH EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVE TYPE ILLUSTRATIONS, AND WITH PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES AND VERBAL MODIFIERS OF ILLUSTRATIONS. PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES AND VERBAL MODIFIERS WERE SIGNIFICANTLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE KNOWLEDGE, ANALYSIS, SYNTHESIS, APPLICATION, AND APPRECIATION OBJECTIVES OF THE ILLUSTRATIONS, AND WITH THEIR LEVELS OF INVOLVEMENT (RELATIVE DIFFICULTY OF OBJECTIVES). (LH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington.
Identifiers: N/A