NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED014876
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Dec
Pages: 46
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
REPETITION AND SPACED REVIEW IN THE LEARNING OF CONNECTED DISCOURSE.
GLASER, ROBERT; REYNOLDS, JAMES H.
3 EXPERIMENTS WERE DESIGNED TO FILL THE GAP BETWEEN LAB-ESTABLISHED VERBAL LEARNING PRINCIPLES AND THEIR APPLICATION TO COMPLEX VERBAL LEARNING BY USING THE TEACHING MACHINE TO CONTROL PRESENTATION VARIABLES SUCH AS AMOUNT AND ORDER OF MATERIAL EXPOSED. EXPERIMENT I MEASURED THE EFFECTS OF REPETITION AND SPACED REVIEW ON RETENTION, EXPERIMENT II THE EFFECTS OF SPACED REVIEW UPON RETENTION WITH RECENCY (TIME INTERVAL BETWEEN LAST PRACTICE TRAIL AND RETENTION TESTS) CONTROLLED, AND EXPERIMENT III THE EFFECTS OF PRIOR TESTING AND AN EXTENDED FORGETTING INTERVAL UPON RETENTION. INTACT GRADE 8 CLASSES EQUATED ON INTELLIGENCE WERE CHOSEN FOR ALL EXPERIMENTS. NO CONTROLS WERE INTRODUCED TO ACCOUNT FOR SUBJECTS' LACK OF PREVIOUS EXPOSURE TO PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION. A SERIES OF EXPERIMENTAL FRAMES WAS INCLUDED IN A LARGER PROGRAM SEQUENCE, YIELDING 5 TREATMENT CONDITIONS IN EXPERIMENT I AND 2 IN II AND III. GROUPS VARIED FROM 10-35. A PRE-TEST OF RECOGNITION OF MATERIAL WAS GIVEN, AND LATER REPEATED WITH DELAYED POST-TESTS OF AIDED AND UNAIDED RECALL. 3 MAIN RESULTS WERE--REPETITION WAS NOT A MAJOR VARIABLE INFLUENCING RETENTION OF COMPLEX MATERIAL, SPACING OF REVIEW SEQUENCES BETWEEN INTERPOLATED LEARNING MATERIALS FACILITATED RETENTION, AND RETENTION WAS MAINTAINED AT FULL STRENGTH FOR AT LEAST 6 WEEKS, DURING WHICH LARGE AMOUNTS OF INTERFERING MATERIAL WERE PRESENTED. (LH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.
Identifiers: Min Max Teaching Machine