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ERIC Number: ED014871
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1958
Pages: 116
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN INVESTIGATION OF CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION FOR TEACHING UNIVERSITY COURSES. INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION RESEARCH, REPORT NUMBER TWO.
CARPENTER, C.R.; GREENHILL, L.P.
WHILE FOCUSING ON THE POTENTIALITIES AND LIMITATIONS OF CLOSED-CIRCUIT TV TO IMPROVE BOTH TEACHING AND LEARNING, GOAL OF THIS STUDY IS TO PROVIDE FACTUAL EVIDENCE TO AID EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN DECISION-MAKING. 12 SPECIFIC PROJECT OBJECTIVES, INCLUDING STUDY OF CLASS SIZE, TYPE OF COURSE, LOW COST TV SYSTEMS, FACULTY ACCEPTANCE OF TV, AND INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS ARE LISTED. EXPERIMENTS COMPREHENSIVELY COVERING POSSIBLE VARIABLES WERE CONDUCTED IN OVER 70 COURSES WHOSE TEACHERS VOLUNTEERED THEM FOR STUDY. 4 PROBLEM AREAS WERE INVESTIGATED AND STUDENTS WERE RANDOMLY ASSIGNED TO ALL TREATMENT GROUPS. FIRST, STUDIES OF THE COMPARATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF CONVENTIONAL AND TELEVISED INSTRUCTION, EVEN THOUGH CAREFULLY DESIGNED TO CONTROL VARIABLES SUCH AS INSTRUCTOR, ENVIRONMENT, TECHNIQUE AND COURSE TOPIC, YIELDED NON-SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES IN STUDENTS' ACHIEVEMENT SCORES. USING THE SAME STATISTICAL PROCEDURES (ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE AND COVARIANCE), EXPERIMENTS INVESTIGATING DISTANCE FROM TV, CLASS SIZE, CLASS COMPOSITION, AND CLASSROOM SUPERVISION ALSO YIELDED NON-SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES. PROBLEM AREA 2, APPROPRIATENESS OF TV FOR UNIVERSITY TEACHING, EMPHASIZED THE WIDE RANGE OF USES OF CLOSED-CIRCUIT TV. STUDIES OF ACCEPTANCE, AREA 3, PROBED FACULTY, STUDENT, AND OBSERVER ATTITUDES THROUGH BEHAVIOR QUESTIONNAIRES AND BEHAVIORAL CHOICE TECHNIQUES. FINALLY, A SECTION ON FEASIBILITY CONCLUDES THAT IT IS PRACTICAL TO OPERATE CLOSED-CIRCUIT SYSTEMS WITH REGULAR UNIVERSITY PERSONNEL. (LH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.
Identifiers: N/A