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ERIC Number: ED014855
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1955
Pages: 4
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SPATIAL APPROACH TO PLANNING THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT.
BELLOMY, CLEON C.; CAUDILL, WILLIAM W.
THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT DEFINES THE SPATIAL APPROACH TO PLANNING THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT AND SUGGESTS A MORE NATURAL APPROACH TO A LESS RESTRICTED ARCHITECTURE. ONE OF THE TWO BASIC ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS IN THE SPATIAL CONCEPT IS THE HORIZONTAL SCREEN WHICH KEEPS THE SUN AND RAIN OFF, LETS IN LIGHT, KEEPS OUT SUN HEAT, RETAINS ROOM HEAT, AND FRAMES DESIRABLE VIEWS WHILE TAKING ON ANY SHAPE OR POSITION. THE OTHER ELEMENT, THE VERTICAL SCREEN, ACTS AS A WIND BREAK, A SOUND SOURCE, THERMAL SCREEN AND VIEW SCREEN. ARCHITECTS WORK WITH THE FOLLOWING FOUR BASIC SCREEN TYPES--(1) THE TRANSPARENT SCREEN WHICH CAN SERVE AS A WIND BREAK, SOUND BARRIER, THERMAL SCREEN AND AT THE SAME TIME PERMIT A VIEW, (2) THE TRANSLUCENT SCREEN WHICH PROVIDES THE SAME EFFECTS, PERMITS LIGHT BUT ELIMINATES A VIEW, (3) THE SOLID OR OPAQUE SCREEN WHICH PROVIDES ALL THESE FUNCTIONS EXCEPT THAT IT ELIMINATES BOTH LIGHT AND VIEW, AND (4) THE PIERCED SCREEN WHICH CAN HAVE THE QUALITIES OF OPAQUENESS, TRANSLUCENCY, AND TRANSPARENCY WITH THE ADDED QUALITY OF ALLOWING AIR FLOW. THE SPATIAL APPROACH GIVES THE ARCHITECT THE FREEDOM TO BALANCE THE CONSTRUCTION BUDGET, GIVES THE EDUCATOR THE OPPORTUNITY TO PROVIDE STUDENTS COMFORTABLE AND HIGHLY FUNCTIONAL SPACES FOR LEARNING, AND LEADS TO A NEW TYPE OF UNRESTRICTED ARCHITECTURE THAT IS AS TECHNOLOGICALLY PROGRESSIVE AND INDEPENDENT AS THE CIVILIZATION WHICH IS PRODUCING IT. IN ESSENCE, THE ARCHITECT STARTS WITH ALL NATURE, KEEPING EVERYTHING DESIRABLE--SPACIOUSNESS, VIEW, NATURAL LIGHT, COMFORTING BREEZES--AND ELIMINATES ONLY THE UNDESIRABLE. (RK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Caudill, Rowlett, Scott and Associates, Bryan, TX.
Identifiers: N/A