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ERIC Number: ED014836
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 89
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
READING THE MANUAL ALPHABET--A RESEARCH PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING A FILMED PROGRAM FOR TEACHING THE MANUAL ALPHABET.
BORNSTEIN, HARRY
A PROGRAMED FILM COURSE WAS DEVELOPED TO TEACH PERSONS HOW TO READ THE MANUAL ALPHABET. THE EFFECTS OF THE FOLLOWING PROGRAMING CONDITIONS WERE STUDIED--MANNER OF STIMULUS REPETITION, RATE OF STIMULUS PRESENTATION, AND MODE OF RESPONSE. THE PROJECT WAS DONE IN TWO PHASES. IN THE FIRST PHASE, SUBJECTS WERE 42 DEAF GALLAUDET COLLEGE PREPARATORY STUDENTS, 26 HEARING FACULTY AND STAFF MEMBERS OF THE NEW MEXICO SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF, AND 14 HEARING GRADUATE STUDENTS AT GALLAUDET. THEIR PROGRAMS CONSISTED OF 17 LESSONS AND 8 FILMED TESTS. A RELATIONSHIP OF .90 OR ABOVE (WITH ONE EXCEPTION) WAS OBTAINED BETWEEN PRE- AND POST-TEST SCORES. ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE ON SCORES FROM VARIATIONS IN RATE OF PRESENTATION AND AMOUNT OF REPETITION OF THE STIMULUS MATERIAL FOR THE PREPARATORY STUDENTS SHOWED NONE OF THE EXPERIMENTAL TREATMENTS WERE SIGNIFICANTLY EFFECTIVE, BUT THERE WAS AN OVERALL MEAN GAIN (STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT, P IS LESS THAN .01) FOR READING WORDS AND FOR READING SENTENCES. FOR THE HEARING FACULTY GROUP AND THE GRADUATE STUDENT GROUP, DIFFERENCES IN RESPONSE METHOD (ORAL, WRITTEN, OR MANUAL) FAILED TO ACHIEVE STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE. IMPROVEMENT IN READING WORDS ACHIEVED STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE (P IS LESS THAN .01) FOR BOTH GROUPS, BUT MEAN GAIN FOR READING SENTENCES WAS NOT STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT FOR EITHER GROUP. THE FILM COURSE WAS JUDGED AN INEFFECTIVE INSTRUCTIONAL TOOL. THE SECOND PHASE UTILIZED A CHANGE IN PRESENTATION AND A REVISED, EXPANDED FILM PROGRAM (24 LESSONS) AND TWO FILM TESTS. FORTY-EIGHT HEARING COLLEGE STUDENTS SERVED AS SUBJECTS. ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE SHOWED REPETITION WAS THE ONLY EXPERIMENTAL TREATMENT SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECTING SCORES FOR WORDS AND FOR SENTENCES (P IS GREATER THAN .01 AND LESS THAN .05). DATA FOR BOTH PHASES IS PRESENTED TABULARLY. APPENDIXES INCLUDE (1) CAPTIONED INSTRUCTIONS AND SCRIPTS FOR READING THE FILM COURSE AND THE TWO REVISED TESTS AND (2) COPIES OF FORMS USED FOR WRITTEN RESPONSES. REFERENCE LIST CITES 12 ITEMS. (MK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Gallaudet Coll., Washington, DC.
Identifiers: N/A