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ERIC Number: ED014823
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Mar
Pages: 126
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TRAINING FOR INDEPENDENT LIVING, A COMMUNITY PROGRAM FOR SEVERELY RETARDED ADULTS. A THREE YEAR REPORT.
TOBIAS, JACK
AN OCCUPATIONAL DAY CENTER FOR MENTALLY RETARDED ADULTS WAS ESTABLISHED TO PROVIDE COMMUNITY SERVICES FOR RETARDED PERSONS WHO LIVE AT HOME AND, ALTHOUGH BEYOND SCHOOL AGE, ARE UNABLE TO PARTICIPATE IN SHELTERED WORKSHOP ACTIVITIES. THE STAFF INCLUDES A DIRECTOR, A SOCIAL WORKER, FIVE INSTRUCTORS, A TRAINING SUPERVISOR, AN OFFICE WORKER, AND A PSYCHOLOGIST (PART-TIME). OVER A THREE YEAR PERIOD, 83 CLIENTS WERE ACCEPTED INTO THE PROGRAM WITH ABOUT 55 TO 60 BEING ENROLLED AT ONE TIME. AVERAGE AGE AT ADMISSION WAS 21 YEARS (FEW CLIENTS WERE OVER AGE 30), AND IQ'S RANGED FROM 15 TO 65 WITH A MEAN IQ OF 36. ABOUT 80 PERCENT HAD ATTENDED PUBLIC SCHOOL SPECIAL CLASSES. SPECIFIC TRAINING INCLUDED TRAVEL TRAINING, GROOMING AND SELF CARE, ORIENTATION TO THE COMMUNITY, DOMESTIC SKILLS, AND REMUNERATIVE WORK. SIMPLE ACADEMIC INSTRUCTION INCLUDED READING SIGNS, TELLING TIME, AND USING MONEY. STATISTICAL TESTS WITH DATA FROM THE CLIENTS PRODUCED THESE FINDINGS--THERE IS A SIGNIFICANT RELATIONSHIP (.01 LEVEL USING T TEST) BETWEEN INTELLIGENCE AND THE ABILITY TO BENEFIT FROM TRAVEL INSTRUCTION. THERE IS A SIGNIFICANT RELATIONSHIP (.001 AND .05 LEVELS FOR VARIOUS IQ GROUPS USING T TESTS) BETWEEN INTELLIGENCE TEST SCORE AND THE NUMBER OF WORK UNITS PRODUCED PER HOUR. MONGOLOID CLIENTS WERE SIGNIFICANTLY LESS PRODUCTIVE (.05 LEVEL USING T TEST) IN A CONTINUED WORK ACTIVITY THAN THEIR INTELLECTUAL PEERS IN OTHER ETIOLOGIC GROUPS. THE SAN FRANCISCO SOCIAL COMPETENCY SCORES OF CLIENTS ARE PRESENTED. SAMPLE EVALUATIONS OF TRAINEES AND SAMPLE CASE STUDIES ARE INCLUDED. DESCRIPTIONS OF THE DAILY PROGRAM AND RELATIONSHIPS WITH PARENTS, PROFESSIONAL GROUPS, AND THE PUBLIC ARE GIVEN. (JZ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association for the Help of Retarded Children, New York, NY.
Identifiers: N/A