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ERIC Number: ED014821
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Feb-28
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF ADAPTIVE COMMUNICATION DEVICES FOR THE SEVERELY HANDICAPPED CHILD. FINAL REPORT.
MCCANN, CAIRBRE; AND OTHERS
A SAMPLE OF THIRTEEN, SEVERELY INVOLVED, CEREBRAL PALSIED CLIENTS (12 CHILDREN, ONE ADULT) PARTICIPATED IN THIS STUDY. DEGREE OF NEUROMOTOR DISABILITY WAS DETERMINED BY A SCALE BASED ON ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING. A PSYCHOLOGICAL EVALUATION WAS MADE OF ALL SUBJECTS IN THE STUDY. SUBJECTS WERE EVALUATED IN THEIR USE OF ELECTRONIC SWITCHES CONNECTED TO VARIOUS OUTPUT DEVICES RANGING IN COMPLEXITY FROM A SIMPLE SERIES OF LIGHTS TO A SPECIALLY MODIFIED ELECTRIC TYPEWRITER. SUCCESSFUL USE OF THESE DEVICES HAS IMPLICATIONS FOR RECREATION, EDUCATION, COMMUNICATION, AND THERAPY. SWITCH CONTROLS THAT WERE DEVELOPED INCLUDED A JOYSTICK, A SET OF MERCURY SWITCHES MOUNTED ON A HAT, A MINIATURE JOYSTICK HELD BETWEEN THE TEETH AND OPERATED BY THE TONGUE, A PNEUMATIC CONTROL HEMISPHERICAL JOYSTICK FOR A PALMAR SURFACE CONTROL, SEVERAL MAGNETICALLY ACTIVATED DEVICES, AND A HORN BUTTON SWITCH. OUTPUT DEVICES INCLUDED A DISPLAY BOARD WITH FOUR LIGHTBULBS, ETCH-A-SKETCH DRAWING TOY, STRIP PROJECTOR AND ELECTRIC TYPEWRITER CONTROL DEVICE. SUBJECTS WERE EVALUATED ON TIME LAPSE BETWEEN REQUEST FOR RESPONSE AND RESPONSE AND ADEQUACY OF RESPONSE. THE APPENDIXES INCLUDE ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING EVALUATION FORM, INFORMATION ON SUBJECTS TESTED, AND PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE INPUT AND OUTPUT DEVICES TESTED. (GB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Crotched Mountain Foundation, Greenfield, NH.
Identifiers: N/A