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ERIC Number: ED014804
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1960-Dec-1
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DECISION-MAKING UNDER UNCERTAINTY AND PROBLEM SOLVING--A GESTALT THEORETICAL VIEWPOINT.
JORDAN, N.
TWO BASIC NEEDS OF THE DECISIONMAKER ARE IDENTIFIED--THE NEED TO FUNCTION UNDER CONDITIONS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL CERTAINTY AND THE NEED TO BE VIGILANT AFTER THE INITIAL DECISION HAS BEEN MADE. PSYCHOLOGICAL CERTAINTY IS DETERMINED BY THE PERSON'S ASSESSMENT OF HIS ENVIRONMENT OR LIFE SPACE AND THE RESOURCES HE HAS AT HIS COMMAND, BOTH OF WHICH ARE DETERMINED BY HIS FRAME OF REFERENCE. TO FUNCTION WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL CERTAINTY, A PERSON MUST HAVE A MAPPING OF THE POSSIBLE REGIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND KNOW THAT UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES WILL HE HAVE TO PAY PRICES WHICH HE CONSIDERS EXORBITANT. UNDER CONDITIONS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL UNCERTAINTY, DECISIONMAKING IS ACCOMPANIED BY FEAR OR ANXIETY. A PERSON DECIDING UNDER CONDITIONS OF FEAR OPERATES IN TERMS OF A LIMITED PERSPECTIVE, AFFECTING BOTH THE QUALITY OF HIS DECISION AND THE EFFICIENCY OF ITS EXECUTION. A PERSON DECIDING UNDER CONDITIONS OF ANXIETY RESORTS TO PANIC BEHAVIOR AND ESCAPE. IN DEFINING REGIONS, GOALS, AND PATHS FOR AN ADEQUATE UNDERSTANDING OF THE SEQUENTIAL RELATIONSHIPS OF THINKING, DECISIONMAKING, AND PROBLEM-SOLVING, POINT GRAPH THEORY IS REGARDED AS SUPERIOR TO ELEMENTARY FIELD THEORY. THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE AS AD 656 680 FROM CLEARINGHOUSE FOR FEDERAL SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION, CAMERON STATION, SPRINGFIELD, VIRGINIA 22314, FOR $3.00 HC, $0.65 MF. (JK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers: California (Santa Monica)