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ERIC Number: ED014779
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INTELLECTUAL AND EDUCATIONAL CORRELATES OF LOW BIRTH WEIGHT.
WIENER, GERALD
LOW BIRTH WEIGHT CHILDREN WERE STUDIED LONGITUDINALLY TO DETERMINE WHETHER--(1) THE RELATIVE INTELLECTUAL IMPAIRMENT OF PREMATURE CHILDREN IS STATIC OR CHANGES WITH TIME, (2) A LOW BIRTH WEIGHT CHILD NOT NOTED TO BE IN NEUROLOGICAL DISTRESS COULD HAVE A POOR PROGNOSIS, AND (3) SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL AND EMOTIONAL PROBLEMS COULD ARISE AS A CONSEQUENCE OF LOW BIRTH WEIGHT. LOW BIRTH WEIGHT AND FULL-TERM CHILDREN MATCHED BY RACE, SEASON OF BIRTH, PARITY OF MOTHER, HOSPITAL OF BIRTH, AND APPROXIMATE SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS WERE ADMINISTERED THE GESELL TEST AT 40 WEEKS BY A PEDIATRICIAN. THE STANFORD-BINET WAS ADMINISTERED BETWEEN 3-5 YEARS AND 6-7 YEARS. AT 8-10, TEN WISC SUBTESTS WERE ADMINISTERED. OTHER DATA WAS ALSO GATHERED FOR ANALYSIS. AS A GROUP, LOW BIRTH WEIGHT CHILDREN WERE FOUND TO BE IMPAIRED. IMPAIRMENT VARIED WITH AGE AND THE MEASUREMENT TEST. THERE WAS NO STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT INTERACTION BETWEEN BIRTH WEIGHT AND SOCIAL CLASS. AT 13 YEARS, LOW BIRTH WEIGHT CHILDREN HAVE LOWER IQ'S, ARE BEHIND IN GRADE PLACEMENT, AND DO NOT READ OR REASON ARITHMETICALLY AS WELL AS FULL TERM CHILDREN. THE INCIDENCE OF EDUCATIONAL AND MENTAL RETARDATION APPEARS TO DOUBLE IN LOW BIRTH WEIGHT GROUPS. (SK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. School of Hygiene and Public Health.
Identifiers: BENDER GESTALT TEST; Gesell Developmental Schedules; Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale; WECHSLER INTELLIGENCE SCALE FOR CHILDREN