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ERIC Number: ED014778
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Sep
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECTS OF SUCCESS AND FAILURE AND PERSISTING MOTIVATION.
WEINER, BERNARD
ATKINSON'S 1957 MODEL AND HIS MODIFIED 1964 MODEL ARE MODELS FOR THE DETERMINANTS OF ACHIEVEMENT-RELATED BEHAVIOR. ONE COMPONENT OF THE 1964 MODEL, INERTIAL GOAL TENDENCY, CAPTURES THE IDEA THAT MOTIVATION, ONCE AROUSED, PERSISTS UNTIL SATISFIED. THE INFLUENCE OF UNSATISFIED MOTIVATION HAS BEEN BOTH HYPOTHESIZED AND DEMONSTRATED. EXPERIMENTS INDICATE THAT ATKINSON'S 1964 MODEL NEEDS TO BE ALTERED TO INCLUDE THE FACILITATIVE EFFECTS OF FAILURE ON HIGH ACHIEVEMENT-ORIENTED SUBJECTS AND THE DEBILITATING EFFECTS OF FAILURE ON LOW ACHIEVEMENT-ORIENTED SUBJECTS. IT WAS POSTULATED THAT BOTH APPROACH AND AVOIDANCE MOTIVATION PERSIST FOLLOWING FAILURE FOR HIGHLY ANXIOUS SUBJECTS. THERE IS A RESULTANT INERTIAL TENDENCY IN THE MODEL. FINDINGS OF STUDIES UTILIZING OLDER MODELS AND THE NEWER MODEL APPEAR TO INDICATE THAT SITUATIONAL AND INERTIAL DETERMINANTS OF BEHAVIOR MUST BE SEPARATED. INTERACTIONS BETWEEN THE EFFECTS OF SUCCESS AND FAILURE ON DIFFERENT MOTIVE GROUPS MUST ALSO BE EXPECTED. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION CONVENTION, WASHINGTON, D.C., SEPTEMBER 1967. (SK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A