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ERIC Number: ED014770
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A NEW LOOK AT THE EFFECTS OF ANXIETY AND STRESS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF COMPLEX INTELLECTUAL TASKS, STUDY II. SCHOOL ANXIETY AND COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING--EXPLORATORY STUDIES.
DUNN, JAMES A.
THE EFFECTS OF TEST ANXIETY AND TEST STRESS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF TWO DIFFERENT INTELLECTUAL TASKS WERE STUDIED. IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT THE DESCRIPTIVE EFFECTS OF ANXIETY WOULD BE GREATER FOR DIFFICULT BUT SIMPLE TASKS THAN FOR COMPLEX BUT EASY TASKS, AND THAT SITUATIONAL STRESS WOULD BE MORE DISRUPTIVE FOR COMPLEX TASKS THAN FOR SIMPLE TASKS. A MULTIVARIATE DESIGN WAS USED. ANXIETY AND STRESS WERE THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLES AND TWO WECHSLER ADULT INTELLIGENCE TEST SUBTEST SCORES SERVED AS DEPENDENT VARIABLES. ANXIETY WAS MEASURED BY A 15 ITEM, MULTIPLE CHOICE FORM OF SARASON'S TEST ANXIETY SCALE FOR CHILDREN. SUBJECTS WERE 176 COLLEGE JUNIORS. DATA WAS ANALYZED BY CORRELATION OF COMPARISON AND ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE. RESULTS ARE SUMMARIZED IN TWO TABLES. THERE WAS NO ANXIETY AND STRESS INTERACTION APPARENT AND THE CORRELATIONS BETWEEN THE WECHSLER SUB-TEST SCORES WERE LOW. THE AUTHOR SUGGESTS THAT NUMEROUS STUDIES WERE STRESS IS DEFINED AS PAIN, SHOCK, LOUD NOISE, ETC., MAY NOT BE STUDIES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS BUT RATHER STUDIES OF THE DISTRACTION POTENTIAL OF IRRELEVANT BACKGROUND STIMULI. THIS DOCUMENT APPEARED AS STUDY 2 IN SCHOOL ANXIETY AND COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING, EXPLORATORY STUDIES, REPORT 4, IRCOPPS MIDWEST RESEARCH CENTER FOR PUPIL PERSONNEL SERVICES, ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, PP. 102-121. (PS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Midwest Research Center.
Identifiers: Sarason Test Anxiety Scale for Children; WECHSLER ADULT INTELLIGENCE SCALE