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ERIC Number: ED014765
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Jun-15
Pages: 65
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN EXPERIMENT TO IMPROVE THE REASONING ABILITY OF SEVENTH-GRADE STUDENTS. FINAL REPORT.
HOWELL, EDGAR N.
A UNIT ON EFFECTIVE THINKING, WITH THE EXPERIMENTAL FOCUS ON INFLUENTIAL THINKING, WAS PREPARED AND TESTED. A TEXT, "EFFECTIVE THINKING," WAS PREPARED. AN INEXPERIENCED TEACHER USED THE TEXT IN A NINE WEEK COURSE WITH SEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS. ONLY A POST-TEST CONTROL GROUP DESIGN WAS USED. THE TWO FACTORS STUDIED WERE TREATMENT AND SEX. THE TEST OF INFERENCE PATTERNS (TIP), USED BY HOWELL IN AN EARLIER STUDY, WAS THE CRITERION MEASURE AT THE END OF THE FIRST NINE WEEK PERIOD. STUDENT IQ'S WERE ALSO AVAILABLE. THE INFERENTIAL REASONING ANLYSIS (IRA) BY HOWELL WAS THE CRITERION MEASURE USED FOR THE SECOND NINE WEEK PERIOD. ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE OF TOTAL TEST SCORES ON TIP YIELDED SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUPS. THERE WAS NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE SCORES OF MALE AND FEMALE STUDENTS OR BETWEEN TREATMENT AND SEX. USING A COVARIANCE ADJUSTMENT, IT WAS FOUND THAT IQ HAD AN EFFECT ON THE CRITERION. ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE OF PART I, II, IV, AND TOTAL SCORES OF THE IRA PRODUCED SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER SCORES FOR THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP. SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES WERE FOUND BETWEEN THE SEXES FOR TOTAL IRA SCORES. NO SIGNIFICANT INTERACTION WAS FOUND BETWEEN TREATMENT AND SEX. IN GENERAL, RESULTS INDICATED THAT SEVENTH GRADERS CAN PROFIT FROM INSTRUCTION IN INFERENTIAL REASONING, AND THAT HIGHER IQ STUDENTS WILL PROFIT MORE FROM THIS INSTRUCTION. (SK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA.
Identifiers: INFERENTIAL REASONING ANALYSIS; Lorge Thorndike Intelligence Tests; Test of Inference Patterns (Howell)