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ERIC Number: ED014621
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Dec
Pages: 201
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE DETERMINATION OF LEGAL FACTS AND ECONOMIC GUIDEPOSTS WITH RESPECT TO THE DISSEMINATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL INFORMATION AS IT IS AFFECTED BY COPYRIGHT--A STATUS REPORT. FINAL REPORT.
HEILPRIN, LAURENCE B.; SOPHAR, GERALD J.
THE RESEARCH IN THIS REPORT IS CONCERNED WITH TWO AREAS--(1) STUDY OF THE COPYRIGHT PRACTICES OF LIBRARY ADMINISTRATORS RESPONSIBLE FOR PHOTODUPLICATION SERVICES AND THEIR INTERPRETATIONS OF THE "FAIR USE" ASPECT OF COPYRIGHT LAW IN PROVIDING SERVICE TO THEIR CLIENTS, AS WELL AS A STUDY OF WHAT FEDERAL STATUTE AND CASE LAW ACTUALLY PROVIDES IN THIS AREA AND (2) THE FIRST STUDY OF LIBRARY COPYING ON A LARGE-SAMPLE SCALE WITH REFERENCE TO THE ECONOMICS OF COPYRIGHT. THIS SECOND INVESTIGATION RESULTED IN A NUMBER OF STATISTICS AND ONE OR MORE POSSIBLY NEW USAGE RELATIONS. AT LEAST ONE BILLION PAGES OF PROFESSIONAL AND SCHOLARLY COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL ARE MADE ANNUALLY AS SINGLE COPIES. MULTIPLE COPYING IS NEGLIGIBLE IN U.S. LIBRARIES. EIGHTY-FIVE PERCENT OF THE MATERIAL COPIED IS LESS THAN FIVE YEARS OLD, AND IT IS PREPONDERANTLY SCIENTIFIC-TECHNICAL IN NATURE AND IN THE FORM OF COMPLETE ARTICLES COPIED FROM JOURNALS, PUBLISHED BY NONPROFIT PUBLISHERS. FIVE PERCENT OF THE FEWER THAN 1,000 PUBLISHERS WHOSE WORKS ARE COPIED ACCOUNT FOR 40 PERCENT OF THE MATERIAL COPIED IN U.S. LIBRARIES. THE REPORT CONCLUDED THAT UNDER CURRENT BELIEFS AND PRACTICES SINGLE-COPY REPRODUCTION IS NOT SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECTED OR RESTRICTED BY COPYRIGHT LAW, AND RECOMMENDS THAT THE CONGRESS CONSIDER THIS FACT IN WRITING FUTURE LEGISLATION. AN OPEN ATTITUDE IS HELD BY LIBRARY ADMINISTRATORS TOWARD A SYSTEM OF COPYRIGHT ACCESS, PERMISSIONS, AND PAYMENTS, PROVIDED THERE BE JOINT USER-OWNER CONTROL. MANY OTHER CONCLUSIONS, APPLICATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ARE REPORTED. INCLUDED IN APPENDICES ARE THE FIRST ANNUAL REPORT BY THE COMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE COPYRIGHT PROBLEMS AFFECTING COMMUNICATION IN SCIENCE AND EDUCATION (CICP) AND RELEVANT TABLES FROM THE CICP LIBRARY SURVEY. (AUTHOR/JB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Committee to Investigate Copyright Problems Affecting Communications in Science and Education, Inc., Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Copyright Act 1909; Copyright Revision Bill