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ERIC Number: ED014603
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Oct
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
MECHANIZATION OF FARM OPERATIONS IN 1965.
SANDERS, GROVER H.
INCREASED MECHANIZATION, MORE EXTENSIVE USE OF CHEMICALS, AND OTHER TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS HAVE REDUCED FARM-LABOR NEEDS AND INCREASED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION. COTTON, SUGAR BEETS, POTATOES, AND VEGETABLES FOR PROCESSING ARE SOME OF THE CROPS REQUIRING FEWER MAN-HOURS DUE TO NEW OR IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY. CONTINUOUS EFFORT HAS BEEN MADE TO DESIGN MACHINERY AND LABOR-SAVING TECHNIQUES FOR PRODUCING AND HARVESTING MOST FRUITS, VEGETABLES FOR FRESH MARKET, AND SOME VEGETABLES FOR PROCESSING. MECHANICAL HARVESTING OF MANY CROPS HAS BEEN RETARDED BECAUSE OF LACK OF UNIFORMITY IN SIZE, MATURITY, AND TEXTURE OF THE PLANT OR MARKETABLE PRODUCT. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS AND FUTURE IMPLICATIONS OF MECHANIZATION AND OTHER TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES FOR 27 SELECTED CROPS INCLUDING APPLES, ASPARAGUS, SNAP BEANS, POTATOES, BERRIES, SUGAR BEETS, TOBACCO, AND TOMATOES ARE DISCUSSED. CONCLUSIONS ARE -- (1) THE MACHINE METHOD IS STILL IN THE EXPERIMENTAL STAGE AND HAS NOT HAD A SIGNIFICANT EFFECT ON EMPLOYMENT IN SOME INSTANCES, BUT IN OTHERS THE USE OF HAND LABOR HAS ALMOST DISAPPEARED, (2) IT IS DIFFICULT TO PINPOINT THE EXACT CROPS TO BE MOST AFFECTED BY MECHANIZATION, BUT AGRICULTURE'S NEED FOR HAND LABOR WILL DIMINISH, AND (3) THE PROCESS OF ADAPTING HAND LABORERS TO A NEW TECHNOLOGY WILL PRESENT PROBLEMS. THIS DOCUMENT APPEARED IN "FARM LABOR DEVELOPMENTS," OCTOBER 1966. (WB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A