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ERIC Number: ED014589
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
WHAT ABOUT WOMEN'S ABSENTEEISM AND LABOR TURNOVER.
Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.
STATISTICS ON ABSENTEEISM AND LABOR TURNOVER ARE REVIEWED TO DETERMINE IF GENERALIZATIONS ABOUT LABOR COSTS, BASED ON SEX DIFFERENCES, ARE LEGITIMATE. IN 1963, 5.4 AND 5.6 DAYS WORKTIME WERE LOST BY WOMEN AND MEN RESPECTIVELY. DURING AN AVERAGE WEEK IN 1964, 2.7 PERCENT OF THE MEN AND 3.1 PERCENT OF THE WOMEN WORKERS WERE ABSENT FROM WORK BECAUSE OF ILLNESS. WOMEN'S ILLNESSES ARE MORE ACUTE BUT OF SHORTER DURATION. MEN LOST 3.1 DAYS PER PERSON FOR CHRONIC ILLNESSES, COMPARED WITH 2.6 DAYS FOR WOMEN. NET DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN LEAVING JOBS ARE SMALL. IN 1961, 11 PERCENT OF MEN AND 8.6 PERCENT OF THE WOMEN WORKERS CHANGED JOBS ONCE OR MORE. FROM 1950-55, FACTORY WORKERS HAD A QUIT RATE OF 24 PER 1,000 WOMEN AND 17 PER 1,000 MEN EMPLOYEES. CONTINUOUS EMPLOYMENT AT THE CURRENT JOB AVERAGED 3 YEARS FOR WOMEN AND 5.7 YEARS FOR MEN IN 1963. THE HIGHER TURNOVER RATE FOR WOMEN CAN BE EXPLAINED BY THE RELATIVELY LARGER PROPORTION OF WOMEN THAN MEN UNDER 25 YEARS OF AGE, IN LOWER GRADE CLERICAL JOBS, AND WITH FEWER YEARS OF FEDERAL SERVICE--ALL FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HIGH TURNOVER. DIFFERENCES IN ABSENTEEISM, AND TURNOVER RATE NARROWED WHEN COMPARISONS WERE MADE OF MEN AND WOMEN WITH SIMILAR OCCUPATIONAL LEVELS, SALARIES, AGES, AND YEARS OF SERVICE. GENERALIZATIONS ON WORK PERFORMANCE BASED ON SKILL LEVEL OF THE JOB, AGE OF THE WORKER, LENGTH OF SERVICE WITH THE EMPLOYER, AND WORKER'S RECORD OF JOB STABILITY ARE MORE LEGITIMATE THAN THOSE BASED ON WHETHER THE WORKER IS A MAN OR A WOMEN. (FP)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: N/A