NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED014433
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Feb
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECT OF VARIOUS TRAINING TECHNIQUES ON THE ACQUISITION OF THE CONCEPT OF CONSERVATION OF SUBSTANCE. FINAL REPORT.
MERMELSTEIN, EGON; AND OTHERS
THE STUDY ASCERTAINED WHETHER VARIOUS TRAINING PROCEDURES CAN INFLUENCE THE ACQUISITION OF THE "PIAGETIAN" CONCEPT OF CONSERVATION OF SUBSTANCE. EQUAL NUMBERS OF MALE AND FEMALE, CAUCASIAN, KINDERGARTEN CHILDREN WERE RANDOMLY ASSIGNED TO FOUR EXPERIMENTAL AND TWO CONTROL GROUPS. THE TRAINING CONDITIONS WERE COGNITIVE CONFLICT, LANGUAGE ACTIVATION, MULTIPLE CLASSIFICATION, AND VERBAL ROLE INSTRUCTION. INDIVIDUAL TRAINING GROUP TREATMENTS WERE SIMILAR TO THE WORK OF (1) SMEDSLUND WITH COGNITIVE CONFLICT, (2) BRUNER WITH LANGUAGE ACTIVATION, (3) SIGEL WITH MULTIPLE CLASSIFICATION, AND (4) BEILEN WITH VERBAL ROLE INSTRUCTION. A POST-TEST-ONLY DESIGN WAS USED. EACH SUBJECT WAS INDIVIDUALLY TESTED ON TWO NON-VERBAL TASKS IN WHICH THE LAW OF CONSERVATION OF SUBSTANCE WAS VIOLATED, AND ONE PIAGETIAN TEST OF CONSERVATION OF SUBSTANCE. THE SUBJECTS IN ALL GROUPS WERE TESTED ONE WEEK, TWO MONTHS, AND SIX MONTHS AFTER THE LAST TRAINING SESSION. THE CONCLUSIONS WERE (1) THAT THE "PIAGETIAN" CONCEPT OF CONSERVATION OF SUBSTANCE WAS NOT INDUCED BY THE TRAINING TECHNIQUES EMPLOYED, (2) THAT LANGUAGE INTERFERES WITH ACQUISITION OF THE CONCEPT OF CONSERVATION OF SUBSTANCE, AND (3) THE PROBLEM OF REVERSALS MERITS FURTHER EXPLORATION. (DS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Hofstra Univ., Hempstead, NY.
Identifiers: Piaget (Jean)