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ERIC Number: ED014412
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SOME PSYCHOLINGUISTIC CORRELATES OF READING DISABILITY IN YOUNG CHILDREN.
MCLEOD, JOHN
THE ABILITY OF SECOND GRADERS TO PRODUCE TACHISTOSCOPICALLY PRESENTED LETTER SEQUENCES AND DISCRIMINATE AND VOCALLY REPRODUCE AUDITORILY PRESENTED WORDS WAS STUDIED IN THREE EXPERIMENTS. THE READING DISABILITY GROUP WAS FOUND TO BE SIGNIFICANTLY AND CONSISTENTLY INFERIOR TO THE CONTROL GROUP IN REPRODUCING THE VISUALLY PRESENTED LETTER SEQUENCES OF ZERO-, FIRST-, AND SECOND-ORDER APPROXIMATIONS TO PRINTED ENGLISH. THEIR DEFICIENCY WAS INDEPENDENT OF THE ORDER OF APPROXIMATION. THE READING DISABILITY GROUP WAS ALSO SIGNIFICANTLY INFERIOR IN VOCALLY REPRODUCING AUDITORILY PRESENTED WORDS WHICH HAD BEEN PRECEDED BY CONTEXTS OF FIRST- AND THIRD-ORDER APPROXIMATIONS TO SPOKEN ENGLISH. HOWEVER, THE INFERIORITY OF THE READING DISABILITY GROUP WAS LESS MARKED WHEN THE STIMULUS WORDS WERE PRECEDED BY THE MORE REDUNDANT ENGLISH CONTEXT. NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE WAS FOUND BETWEEN THE GROUPS' ABILITY TO VOCALLY REPRODUCE ISOLATED MONOSYLLABIC WORDS, BUT THE READING DISABILITY GROUP WAS SIGNIFICANTLY INFERIOR IN DISCRIMINATING BETWEEN TWO MONOSYLLABIC WORDS WHICH DIFFERED IN ONLY A SINGLE PHONEME. THE RESULTS ARE DISCUSSED WITHIN A PSYCHOLINGUISTIC FRAMEWORK, AND THE CHILD IS CONCEPTUALIZED AS A COMMUNICATION CHANNEL OF LIMITED CAPACITY. TABLES AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE GIVEN. THIS ARTICLE APPEARED IN THE "READING RESEARCH QUARTERLY," VOLUME 2, NUMBER 3, SPRING 1967. (BK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Reading Association, Newark, DE.
Identifiers: N/A