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ERIC Number: ED014400
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-May-5
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
STUDIES ON READING DISABILITIES IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL.
MALMQUIST, EVE
A STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE FREQUENCY OF READING DISABILITY CASES COULD BE MARKEDLY DECREASED (A) BY A CAREFUL DIAGNOSIS OF THE CHILD'S READING READINESS AND GENERAL SCHOOL READINESS AND (B) BY THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN APPROPRIATE TEACHING SITUATION FOR THOSE CHILDREN WHOSE DIAGNOSIS INDICATED POTENTIAL READING AND WRITING DIFFICULTIES. IN 1958 A PILOT STUDY WAS BEGUN WITH FIRST GRADERS AND WAS CONTINUED THROUGH GRADE 3. EXTENSIVE INFORMATION WAS OBTAINED FOR EACH CHILD THROUGH TESTS AND PARENTAL INTERVIEWS. SUBJECTS WHOSE DIAGNOSTIC REPORTS PREDICTED THAT READING DISABILITY WOULD RESULT IF NO AUXILIARY MEASURES WERE TAKEN WERE GIVEN SPECIAL HELP BY A READING CLINIC TEACHER AND BY THE CLASSROOM TEACHER. ON READING TESTS GIVEN AFTER THE FIRST, SECOND, AND THIRD GRADES, EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS ACHIEVED SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER SCORES. THE MAIN STUDY FOLLOWED A SIMILAR DESIGN USING 466 CONTROL SUBJECTS AND 472 EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS. EIGHTY-THREE PERCENT OF THE CASES IDENTIFIED AS POTENTIAL READING DISABILITY CASES WERE PREVENTED. THE PROGNOSTIC VALUES OF THE PREDICTORS USED, THE STABILITY OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF CRITERIA, AND THE EFFECTS OF REMEDIAL TEACHING ARE DISCUSSED. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE INTERNATIONAL READING ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE (SEATTLE, MAY 4-6, 1967). (RH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: NATIONAL SCHOOL FOR EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH; SWEDEN; Sweden (Linkoping)