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ERIC Number: ED014370
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Feb
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ATTENTIONAL PROCESSES IN READING--THE EFFECT OF PICTURES ON THE ACQUISITION OF READING RESPONSES.
SAMUELS, S. JAY
THE HYPOTHESIS TESTED WAS THAT WHEN PICTURES AND WORDS ARE PRESENTED TOGETHER, THE PICTURES MAY MISCUE AND DIVERT ATTENTION, AND THEREBY INTERFERE WITH THE ACQUISITION OF READING RESPONSES. IN EXPERIMENT 1, 30 RANDOMLY ASSIGNED PRE-FIRST GRADERS LEARNED TO READ FOUR WORDS WITH NO PICTURES, A SIMPLE PICTURE, OR A COMPLEX PICTURE PRESENT. DURING ACQUISITION TRIALS, WHEN PICTURES WERE PRESENT, THE SIMPLE AND COMPLEX PICTURE GROUPS MADE MORE CORRECT RESPONSES. DURING TEST TRIALS, WITH NO PICTURES PRESENT, THE NO-PICTURE GROUP EXCELLED. IN EXPERIMENT 2, 26 MATCHED PAIRS OF FIRST GRADERS WERE GIVEN CLASSROOM READING INSTRUCTION UNDER A NO-PICTURE OR PICTURE CONDITION. THE RESULTS DISCLOSED THAT POOR READERS WITH NO PICTURE PRESENT LEARNED MORE WORDS. AMONG BETTER READERS THE DIFFERENCE WAS NOT SIGNIFICANT. TABLES AND REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE (NEW YORK, FEBRUARY 1967). (RH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA