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ERIC Number: ED014220
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1958-Jan-3
Pages: 46
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A REPORT ON TELEVISION IN ARMY TRAINING--EVALUATION OF "INTENSIVE" TELEVISION FOR TEACHING BASIC ELECTRICITY.
KANNER, JOSEPH H.; AND OTHERS
TO TEST THE ASSUMPTION THAT LEARNING EFFECTIVENESS VIA TV MIGHT DECLINE DUE TO LENGTHY VIEWING TIME AND FATIGUE, THIS STUDY COMPARED EFFECTS OF 38 HOURS OF CONTINUOUS TV TRAINING IN 5 DAYS WITH REGULAR CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION OVER THE SAME PERIOD. EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MINIMAL TV PRESENTATIONS THAT TRANSMIT EXISTING CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION WITH NO SCRIPTS, PROMPTING DEVICES, OR SPECIAL TV AIDS WAS ALSO EVALUATED. TV INSTRUCTOR QUALIFICATIONS WERE STUDIED. OF 8 GROUPS OF 281 TRAINEES IN THE POWERMAN'S ELECTRICAL MAINTENANCE COURSE, 4 RECEIVED TV INSTRUCTION AND 4 REGULAR INSTRUCTION. THERE WERE NO CONSISTENT DIFFERENCES IN TEACHING EFFECTIVENESS OF THE 2 METHODS. ON 10 IMMEDIATE POST-TESTS, REGULAR INSTRUCTION WAS SIGNIFICANTLY MORE EFFECTIVE THAN TV INSTRUCTION, BUT ON RETENTION TESTS 1 MONTH LATER, TV WAS JUST AS EFFECTIVE AS REGULAR METHODS. APTITUDE LEVEL, RATHER THAN INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIUM, WAS THE BETTER PREDICTOR OF TEST PERFORMANCE. MINIMAL TV IS RECOMMENDED FOR USE DURING EMERGENCIES OR FOR NEW MILITARY TV TRAINING PROGRAMS. DATA ARE REPORTED IN TABLES SHOWING STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE LEVELS BASED ON ANALYSIS OF OF VARIANCE AND T-TESTS. (LH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of the Chief Signal Officer (Army), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: GEORGIA; Georgia (Fort Gordon)