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ERIC Number: ED014218
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Jun
Pages: 65
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF DIFFERENT FORMS OF SUPPLEMENTATION AS ADJUNCTS TO PROGRAMED LEARNING, A FOLLOW-UP STUDY.
BALDWIN, E.D.; HITE, HERBERT
THIS STUDY FURTHER DEVELOPS A DISCOVERY MADE BY AN EARLIER STUDY--THAT SYSTEMATIC TEACHER SUPPLEMENTATION OF PROGRAMED LEARNING IS MORE EFFECTIVE THAN RANDOM OR NO SUPPLEMENTATION. IN THE PRESENT STUDY, SETS OF 5 SIXTH GRADE CLASSES FROM EACH OF 3 SCHOOLS STUDIED A PROGRAMED TEXT, "WORDS," FOR 25 MINUTES EACH DAY FOR 3 WEEKS. READING ABILITY, THE MATCHING VARIABLE FOR COMPARING THE 15 CLASSES, WAS MEASURED BY THE GATES READING SURVEY. FOLLOWING STUDY OF THE PROGRAM, 5 METHODS OF SUPPLEMENTATION WERE USED--(1) THE TEACHER LECTURED ON CONCEPTS COVERED IN THEIR PROGRAMED ORDER, (2) TEACHER CONDUCTED RECITATION FROM PREPARED QUESTIONS FOLLOWING PROGRAMED ORDER, (3) STUDENTS CHECKED THEIR OWN COVERT RESPONSES AGAINST ANSWER BOOKLET, (4) TEACHER CONDUCTED RECITATION FROM PREPARED QUESTIONS IN RANDOM ORDER, (5) TEACHER LED RANDOM CLASS DISCUSSION ON CONCEPTS COVERED. RESULTS OF A FINAL TEST FOLLOWING THE EXPERIMENTAL PERIOD WERE ADJUSTED FOR DIFFERENCES IN READING LEVEL. FINDINGS WERE THAT ORDERLY LECTURE AND RECITATION PRODUCED HIGHER LEARNING THAN RANDOM DISCUSSION AND COVERT RESPONSES. IT WAS THUS CONFIRMED THAT THE MOST EFFECTIVE PROGRAM SUPPLEMENTATION IS A SYSTEMATIC LIVE TEACHER PRESENTATION. A DELAYED POSTTEST REVEALED THE SAME TENDENCIES AS THE FINAL TEST. RELATED QUESTIONS ARE DISCUSSED. (MS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Washington Office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Olympia.
Identifiers: N/A