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ERIC Number: ED014212
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Jan
Pages: 295
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PROGRAMMED AND TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUES FOR TEACHING MUSIC READING IN THE UPPER ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS, UTILIZING A KEYBOARD APPROACH. FINAL REPORT.
MANDLE, WILLIAM DEE
THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO INITIATE A PROGRAM FOR TEACHING MUSIC READING SKILLS, USING THE PIANO KEYBOARD IN COMBINATION WITH PROGRAMED LEARNING, AND TO COMPARE IT WITH CONVENTIONAL METHODS OF MUSIC INSTRUCTION. FOURTH, FIFTH, AND SIXTH GRADERS AT ONE CLEVELAND PUBLIC SCHOOL COMPRISED THE CONTROL GROUP RECEIVING CONVENTIONAL MUSIC READING INSTRUCTION. THE SAME GRADES AT ANOTHER CLEVELAND SCHOOL WERE THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP FOLLOWING THE LEARNING PROCEDURES DEVELOPED BY THE AUTHOR. THE EXPERIMENT WAS PERFORMED OVER 2 SEMESTERS, THE SECOND SEMESTER REPEATING THE MATERIAL COVERED IN THE FIRST. ALL GROUPS WERE TESTED IN 5 AREAS OF MUSIC KNOWLEDGE. THEY TOOK A PRETEST BEFORE THE FIRST SEMESTER, A POSTTEST BEFORE THE SECOND SEMESTER, AND A TERMINAL TEST AFTER THE SECOND SEMESTER. THE MANN-WHITNEY "U" TEST WAS USED TO ANALYZE DATA OBTAINED. TEST RESULTS IN AREAS 1 AND 2, STAFF KNOWLEDGE AND KNOWLEDGE OF TONAL ORGANIZATION, WERE SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER FOR EXPERIMENTAL STUDENTS THAN FOR CONTROL STUDENTS. RESULTS IN THE OTHER 3 AREAS REVEALED THAT TYPICAL METHODS ARE NOT SUCCESSFUL AND THAT THE AUTHOR'S METHOD HAS POTENTIAL, THOUGH IT NEEDS TO BE FURTHER DEVELOPED. THE RELIABILITY OF THE TESTS WAS DETERMINED BY KUDER-RICHARDSON RELIABILITY COEFFICIENTS AND SPEARMAN RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENTS. (MS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH.
Identifiers: OHIO; Ohio (Cleveland)