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ERIC Number: ED014170
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Jun-30
Pages: 127
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DEVELOPMENT OF TWO STANDARDIZED MEASURES OF HEARING FOR SPEECH BY CHILDREN.
HASPIEL, GEORGE S.; SIEGENTHALER, BRUCE M.
USING PREVIOUSLY DEVELOPED FORMS OF THE DISCRIMINATION BY IDENTIFICATION OF PICTURES (DIP) TEST AND THE THRESHOLD BY IDENTIFICATION OF PICTURES (TIP) TEST, THE INVESTIGATORS SOUGHT TO IMPROVE THE MATERIAL AND PROCEDURE AND TO STANDARDIZE THE TESTS ON NORMAL HEARING CHILDREN. BOTH TESTS REQUIRED CHILDREN TO IDENTIFY PICTURES UPON HEARING NAMES OF PICTURES. THE TIP TEST (TWO FORMS) AND THE DIP TEST (THREE FORMS) WERE ADMINISTERED TO 295 CHILDREN AGED THREE TO EIGHT YEARS. RETESTS FOR RELIABILITY WERE MADE ONE WEEK LATER. CONCLUSIONS FOR THE TIP TEST WERE--(1) IT PRODUCES NO DIFFERENCES BETWEEN FORMS A AND B IN VARIABILITY OF THRESHOLD, IN THRESHOLDS BETWEEN SEXES, OR THRESHOLD VARIABILITY BETWEEN SEXES OR AMONG AGE GROUPS TESTED, (2) FORM B PRODUCES MORE INTENSE THRESHOLD MEASURES THAN FORM A, FOR AGES TESTED AND BOTH SEXES, (3) AN AGE EFFECT EXISTS FOR BOTH MALES AND FEMALES AND FOR FORMS A AND B, (4) TEST THRESHOLD RELIABILITY BETWEEN TEST AND RETEST IS ABOUT THREE DECIBELS, (5) INTELLIGIBILITY CURVE IS ESSENTIALLY EQUIVALENT FOR FORMS A AND B, FOR BOTH SEXES, AND FOR ALL AGE GROUPS TESTED. CONCLUSIONS FOR THE DIP TEST WERE--(1) THERE ARE NO SCORE DIFFERENCES FOR ANY FORM AT ANY OF THE PRESENTATION LEVELS USED, NOR IN VARIABILITY OF SCORES AMONG TEST FORMS FOR AGE OR SEX GROUPS, NOR IN LEVEL OF TEST SCORE AS A FUNCTION OF SEX, (2) SCORES INCREASED WITH AGE OF SUBJECTS, (3) STANDARD DEVIATION OF DISTRIBUTION OF ABSOLUTE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TEST AND RETEST SCORES ON ALL FORMS IS APPROXIMATELY FIVE ITEMS, AND (4) TEST SCORE PLOTTED AGAINST PRESENTATION LEVEL OF ALL FORMS, BOTH SEXES, AND ALL AGE LEVELS TESTED IS 1.8 ITEMS CHANGE IN SCORE PER DB CHANGE IN PRESENTATION LEVEL FOR RANGE SRT TO DB THROUGH SRT PLUS 10 DB. APPENDIX CONTAINS DESCRIPTIONS OF BOTH TESTS AND INFORMATION ON ADMINISTRATION, SCORING, AND INTERPRETATION OF SCORES. REFERENCE LIST CITES 59 ITEMS. (JB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.
Identifiers: Discrimination by Identification of Pictures; THRESHOLD BY IDENTIFICATION OF PICTURES TEST