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ERIC Number: ED014166
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Pages: 186
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INCREASED VISUAL BEHAVIOR IN LOW VISION CHILDREN.
BARRAGA, NATALIE
TEN PAIRS OF BLIND CHILDREN AGED SIX TO 13 YEARS WHO HAD SOME VISION WERE MATCHED BY PRETEST SCORES ON A TEST OF VISUAL DISCRIMINATION. A CRITERION GROUP, DESIGNATED THE PRINT COMPARISON GROUP, HAD SLIGHLY HIGHER RECORDED DISTANCE ACUITIES AND USED VISION AS THE PRIMARY MEANS OF LEARNING. PAIRS OF EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS DAILY RECEIVED 45 MINUTES OF TRAINING DESIGNED TO INCREASE FUNCTIONAL USE OF REMAINING VISION. SPECIFIC LESSON PLANS FOLLOWED THE FOUR SEQUENTIAL STAGES FOR DISCRIMINATION AND RECOGNITION OF VISUAL STIMULI--GEOMETRIC FORMS IN SOLID BLACK AND IN OUTLINE SHAPES, SINGLE OBJECT FORMS IN SOLID BLACK AND IN OUTLINE SHAPES, GROUPED OBJECTS IN COLOR AND IN OUTLINE WITH FULL INNER DETAILS, AND LETTER AND WORD SYMBOLS. MATERIALS GRADUALLY DECREASED IN SIZE. AT COMPLETION OF TRAINING SESSIONS SUBJECTS WERE AGAIN TESTED WITH THE TEST OF VISUAL DISCRIMINATION. ANALYSIS OF RESULTS SHOWED A STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE IN (1) TEST SCORES OF EXPERIMENTAL GROUP CHILDREN, (2) THE DIFFERENCE IN THE EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUPS' MEAN GAINS AND (3) MEAN GAIN BETWEEN EXPERIMENTAL AND PRINT COMPARISON GROUPS. NEAR VISION ACUITIES INCREASED IN SEVEN OF THE TEN SUBJECTS, BUT MEAN INCREASE WAS NOT STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT, NOR WAS THERE A SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE TWO GROUPS. THE VISUAL DISCRIMINATION TEST YIELDED A TEST-RETEST STABILITY COEFFICIENT OF .98. APPENDIXES INCLUDE THE VISUAL DISRIMINATION TEST, THE 44 LESSON PLANS AND MATERIALS USED, RATING SHEET FOR DAILY PROGRESS, SUMMARIES OF EXPERIMENTAL GROUP SUBJECTS, AND RELEVANT CHARTS. REFERENCE LIST CITES 76 ITEMS. THIS DOCUMENT WAS PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN FOUNDATION FOR THE BLIND, 15 WEST 16TH STREET, NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10011, $1.50. (CG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Foundation for the Blind, New York, NY.
Identifiers: N/A