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ERIC Number: ED014123
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Feb
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PLANNED CHANGE AND ORGANIZATIONAL HEALTH--FIGURE AND GROUND. CHAPTER 2, CHANGE PROCESSES IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
MILES, MATTHEW B.
PLANNED CHANGE, CONDITIONED BY THE STATE OF THE SYSTEM IN WHICH IT OCCURS, MUST TAKE THE IMPROVEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONAL HEALTH AS A PRIMARY TARGET. THE HEALTHY SCHOOL SYSTEM IS ABLE TO FUNCTION EFFECTIVELY AND TO DEVELOP INTO A MORE FULLY FUNCTIONING SYSTEM. OF TEN ORGANIZATIONAL HEALTH DIMENSIONS APPLICABLE TO SCHOOLS, THREE ARE TASK CENTERED (GOAL FOCUS, COMMUNICATION ADEQUACY, AND OPTIMAL POWER EQUALIZATION), THREE DEAL WITH THE INTERNAL STATE OF THE SYSTEM AND ITS INHABITANTS' MAINTENANCE NEEDS (RESOURCE UTILIZATION, COHESIVENESS, AND MORALE), AND FOUR DEAL WITH GROWTH AND CHANGEFULNESS (INNOVATIVENESS, AUTONOMY, ADAPTATION, AND PROBLEM-SOLVING ADEQUACY). PROPERTIES OF EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS THAT CONDITION THE APPLICATION OF ORGANIZATIONAL THEORY INCLUDE GOAL AMBIGUITY, INPUT VARIABILITY, ROLE PERFORMANCE INVISIBILITY, LOW INTERDEPENDENCE OF PARTS, VULNERABILITY, LAY-PROFESSIONAL CONTROL PROBLEMS, AND LOW TECHNOLOGICAL INVESTMENT. SIX APPROACHES, APPLYING ORGANIZATIONAL THEORY TO EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS, ARE PRESCRIBED TO INDUCE ORGANIZATIONAL HEALTH--(1) TEAM TRAINING, (2) SURVEY FEEDBACK, (3) ROLE WORKSHOP, (4) TARGET SETTING AND SUPPORTING ACTIVITIES, (5) ORGANIZATIONAL DIAGNOSIS AND PROBLEM-SOLVING, AND (6) ORGANIZATIONAL EXPERIMENT. BASIC TO THE SUCCESS OF THESE INTERVENTIONS ARE THE FACTORS OF ORGANIZATIONAL SELF-STUDY, RELATIONAL EMPHASIS, INCREASED DATA FLOW, NORMS AS CHANGE TARGETS, A TEMPORARY-SYSTEM APPROACH, AND EXPERT OR CONSULTANT FACILITATION. THE COMPLETE DOCUMENT, "CHANGE PROCESSES IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS," IS AVAILABLE FROM THE CENTER FOR THE ADVANCED STUDY OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION, UNIVERSITY OF OREGON, EUGENE, OREGON 97403, FOR $2.00. (JK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oregon Univ., Eugene. Center for Advanced Study of Educational Administration.
Identifiers: Oregon (Eugene)