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ERIC Number: ED014111
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Sep
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PRODUCT OR PROCESS--IMPLICATIONS FOR DECISION-MAKING.
HOSFORD, RAY E.
THE IMPORTANCE OF ASSISTING STUDENTS IN THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS IS EXPLORED. COUNSELORS ASSIST STUDENTS IN LEARNING HOW TO MAKE DECISIONS. A DECISION SHOULD BE EVALUATED IN TERMS OF THE PROCESS USED TO ARRIVE AT IT RATHER THAN IN TERMS OF THE RESULTING CHOICE. KNOWLEDGE OF ALTERNATIVES, POSSIBLE OUTCOMES, AND THE PROBABILITY FOR SUCCESS OF EACH OF THE OUTCOMES ARE NECESSARY FOR SCIENTIFIC DECISION-MAKING. NEW COUNSELING PROCEDURES HAVE BEEN PROPOSED AND EXPERIMENTALLY STUDIED TO PROMOTE THIS TYPE OF BEHAVIOR. MODEL-REINFORCEMENT AND REINFORCEMENT COUNSELING HAVE BEEN SHOWN TO BE EFFECTIVE IN MOTIVATING STUDENTS TO SEEK AND USE INFORMATION PRIOR TO MAKING DECISIONS. RESULTS OF SEVERAL RESEARCH STUDIES UTILIZING SUCH PROCEDURES ARE PRESENTED. OTHER STUDIES USING COUNSELING TECHNIQUES DERIVED FROM RESEARCH IN LEARNING HAVE ALSO PROVED EFFECTIVE IN PROMOTING GOOD DECISION-MAKING PROCEDURES. THESE TECHNIQUES INCLUDE VERBAL REINFORCEMENT, USE OF PROGRAMMED BOOKLETS, AND PARTICIPATION IN SIMULATED EXPERIENCES. THESE TECHNIQUES HAVE ALSO HELPED STUDENTS GAIN SKILLS NECESSARY FOR MEETING DECISION-MAKING PROBLEMS. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION CONVENTION, WASHINGTON, D.C., SEPTEMBER, 1967. (SK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A