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ERIC Number: ED014103
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Mar
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PARENTAL DIVORCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD.
MCDERMOTT, JOHN V.
THE BEHAVIOR OF 16 CHILDREN THREE TO FIVE YEARS OLD AT THE TIME THEIR PARENTS WERE BEING SEPARATED AND DIVORCED WAS OBSERVED IN A PRIVATE, INDEPENDENT NURSERY SCHOOL. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY WERE TO DISCOVER--(1) IF THE DIVORCE PERIOD IS A TIME OF SIGNIFICANT STRESS FOR THE CHILDREN, (2) HOW THE DIVORCE AFFECTS THE BEHAVIOR OF CHILDREN, (3) HOW THE CHILD ADAPTS HIMSELF TO THE SITUATION, AND (4) HOW THE SCHOOL CAN ASSIST THE CHILD TO COPE WITH STRESSES IN THIS PERIOD. DATA WAS OBTAINED FROM THE WEEKLY ANECDOTAL RECORDS OF TEACHERS WHICH CONTAINED OBSERVATIONS OF THE CHILDREN'S PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS, PLAY, AND PEER RELATIONSHIPS. AFTER ANALYSIS, THE CHILDREN WERE DIVIDED INTO FOUR GROUPS--THE UNCHANGED, THE SAD AND ANGRY, THE LOST AND DETACHED, AND THE PSEUDO-ADULT. CHARACTERISTICS OF EACH GROUP ARE DISCUSSED. IN GENERAL, DIVORCE HAS A SERIOUS IMPACT AND REPRESENTS A MAJOR CRISIS. REGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR WAS FOLLOWED BY RESTORATION OF PREVIOUS SKILLS. BOYS SEEMED MORE VULNERABLE THAN GIRLS, AND DEMONSTRATED MORE DRAMATIC BEHAVIOR CHANGES. IT IS IMPORTANT TO IDENTIFY AND WORK WITH CHILDREN AT THIS TIME FOR PREVENTIVE PURPOSES. THE MENTAL HEALTH CONSULTANT MAY COORDINATE PREVENTIVE WORK BETWEEN THE SCHOOL AND HOME TO HELP THE CHILD. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE 44TH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE AMERICAN ORTHOPSYCHIATRIC ASSOCIATION, WASHINGTON, D.C., MARCH, 1967. (SK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A