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ERIC Number: ED014085
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Mar
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
RELATIONSHIP THERAPY AND/OR BEHAVIOR THERAPY.
PATTERSON, C.H.
SINCE THERE ARE SOME WIDELY PREVALENT MISCONCEPTIONS OF CLIENT-CENTERED COUNSELING, ATTENTION IS CALLED TO WHAT CLIENT-CENTERED COUNSELING IS NOT. CONDITIONS WHICH THE CLIENT-CENTERED VIEW HOLDS ARE NECESSARY AND SUFFICIENT CONDITIONS OF PSYCHOTHERAPY ARE EMPATHIC UNDERSTANDING, UNCONDITIONAL POSITIVE REGARD, AND SELF-CONGRUENCE. THESE ARE COMMON TO ALL APPROACHES TO PSYCHOTHERAPY, AND WHERE THEY ARE ABSENT, POSITIVE CHANGE OR DEVELOPMENT DOES NOT OCCUR. CLIENT-CENTERED GOALS HAVE BEEN DISMISSED AS TOO VAGUE BY BEHAVIOR THERAPISTS. HOWEVER, SPECIFIC GOALS SHOULD BE SEEN AS STEPS TOWARD OR ASPECTS OF A MORE GENERAL GOAL. THE RELATIONSHIP, WHICH IS THE ESSENCE OF CLIENT-CENTERED COUNSELING, IS A NECESSARY CONDITION FOR THERAPEUTIC PERSONALITY CHANGE AND PLAYS AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN BEHAVIOR THERAPY. REINFORCEMENT, CONDITIONING, AND DESENSITIZATION ARE SHOWN TO BE PART OF ANY EFFECTIVE THERAPEUTIC RELATIONSHIP. THE MAIN DIFFERENCE BETWEEN BEHAVIOR AND RELATIONSHIP THEORY IS ONE OF EMPHASIS, AND THE CONCRETENESS OF THE BEHAVIORIST MOVES FROM PSYCHOTHERAPY TOWARD TEACHING. (PS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A