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ERIC Number: ED014033
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORPS AND AMERICAN EDUCATION--THREAT TO LOCAL CONTROL.
GOWER, CALVIN W.
THE HISTORY OF THE CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORPS (CCC) AND ITS CONTROVERSIAL EDUCATION PROGRAM IS REVIEWED. CREATED IN MARCH, 1933, THE CCC PROVIDED WORK FOR UNEMPLOYED YOUTH (18-25). THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR RECRUITED THEM, THE DEPARTMENT OF WAR RAN THE CAMPS, AND THE DEPARTMENTS OF INTERIOR AND AGRICULTURE DIRECTED THE CONSERVATION WORK. IN JULY 1933, THE COMMISSIONER OF EDUCATION CALLED FOR A BETTER PROGRAM OF EDUCATION IN THE CAMPS, WHICH PLAN WAS ACCEPTED IN NOVEMBER AND ADMINISTERED BY THE OFFICE OF EDUCATION AND THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. THE PROGRAM PROVIDED LITERACY EDUCATION, ACADEMIC HIGH SCHOOL AND COLLEGE ACCREDITED COURSES AND HAD THE COOPERATION OF OVER 200 COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES BY LATE 1936. ENROLLMENT IN THE VOLUNTARY PROGRAM INCREASED FROM 35 PERCENT IN 1934 TO 74 PERCENT IN 1936. THE PROGRAM WON MUCH PRAISE AND APPROVAL BUT CRITICISM OF THE CCC EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES OCCURRED THROUGHOUT THE LIFE OF THE PROGRAM AND REACHED A CLIMAX IN 1940 AND 1941. CONTROVERSY CENTERED AROUND (1) THE PREPARATION OF STUDY MATERIALS, "YOU AND MACHINES," FOR THE PROGRAM, (2) FEARS OF SOME EDUCATORS ABOUT THE ROLE OF THE CCC EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM IN AMERICAN EDUCATION, AND (3) FEAR OF FEDERAL CONTROL OF EDUCATION. THE CCC WAS DISCONTINUED IN 1942, ENDING THE CONTROVERSY. THIS ARTICLE APPEARED IN "HISTORY OF EDUCATION QUARTERLY," VOLUME 7, SPRING 1967. (EB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORPS