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ERIC Number: ED014002
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Mar
Pages: 70
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SOCIAL SCIENCE EDUCATION CONSORTIUM. PUBLICATION 114, CLASSROOM RESEARCH ON SUBGROUP EXPERIENCES IN A U.S. HISTORY CLASS.
ELKINS, KEITH; PORTER, MARTHA
AN EXPERIMENT TO INVESTIGATE THE GENERATION OF NEW IDEAS AS A RESULT OF SUBGROUP PARTICIPATION WAS CONDUCTED WITH TWO U.S. HISTORY CLASSES IN GRADES 7-8. THREE WAYS OF ORGANIZING CLASS ACTIVITY WERE USED--INDIVIDUALLY, SUBGROUPS, AND FULL-CLASS SESSION. "CLASS A" WAS QUIETER, MORE DELIBERATE, MORE STABLE, MORE DEPENDENT, AND LESS ABLE THAN "CLASS E" WHICH WAS NOISIER, MORE IMPLUSIVE, MORE VOLATILE, AND MORE COMPETITIVE. EIGHT CLASS PERIODS WERE USED FOR THE STUDY. A POSTMEETING REACTION QUESTIONNAIRE WAS USED TO MEASURE STUDENT SATISFACTION WITH CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES, AND AN IDEA QUESTIONNAIRE WAS USED TO TRACE THE ORIGIN OF STUDENTS' IDEAS. STUDENT AND TEACHER VERBAL BEHAVIOR WAS RECORDED ON TAPE. THE CLASSES WERE STARTED WITH INDIVIDUAL EFFORT BASED ON READING A HISTORICAL NOVEL. SUBGROUP ACTIVITY WAS FOLLOWED BY FULL-CLASS DISCUSSION AND FURTHER INDIVIDUAL RESEARCH. IN "CLASS E" THE PRODUCTION OF IDEAS COVARIED WITH FREEDOM OF PARTICIPATION, BUT "CLASS A" PRODUCED MORE IDEAS UNDER TEACHER CONTROL. CONCLUSIONS RELATE TO THE MODE OF CLASS ORGANIZATION AND TO THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE INDIVIDUALS IN THE GROUP. REPORTS OF TWO OTHER EXPERIMENTS ARE INCLUDED IN THIS PAPER. THE FIRST OF THESE (ALSO CONDUCTED WITH TWO PREFRESHMAN CLASSES STUDYING U.S. HISTORY) OFFERED THE PRELIMINARY CONCLUSION THAT PARTICIPATION IN SUBGROUPS TEND TO INCREASE THE STUDENT'S CONFIDENCE AND SATISFACTION AND TO MOVE HIM TOWARD READINESS. ANOTHER EXPERIMENT EXAMINED THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE STUDENT CONTRIBUTOR IN A HISTORY CLASS AND THE VALUE OF THE CONTRIBUTION AS PERCEIVED BY CLASSMATES. THIS PAPER WAS WRITTEN AS PART OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCE EDUCATION CONSORTIUM, A CURRICULUM PROJECT DESIGNED TO OUTLINE THE CONCEPTS, METHODS, AND STRUCTURE OF SEVERAL OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES FOR USE BY TEACHERS AND CURRICULUM WORKERS AT ALL GRADE LEVELS. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN.
Identifiers: SOCIAL SCIENCE EDUCATION CONSORTIUM