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ERIC Number: ED013974
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Nov
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CATEGORIES OF COGNITIVE SKILLS.
FOSTER, HARRIET
CERTAIN SYSTEMS FOR CLASSIFYING COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS ARE REVIEWED AND COMPARED IN A DISCUSSION OF GENERALIZING PROCESSES USED FOR EVALUATING INSTRUCTIONAL OUTCOMES. THE AUTHOR STATES THAT THERE ARE TWO IMPORTANT GENERALIZATIONS TO BE MADE IN THE EVALUATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS--GENERALIZING THE PROGRAM RESULTS AND THE SKILLS OF THE PARTICIPATING STUDENT. BOTH GENERALIZATIONS REQUIRE A SYSTEMATIC DESCRIPTION OR TAXONOMY OF TASKS. THE DESCRIPTION MUST IDENTIFY GENERAL CATEGORIES OF SKILLS, AS WELL AS TASK DIMENSIONS WHICH MAY AFFECT THE QUALITY OF TASK PERFORMANCE. TO IDENTIFY TASK DIMENSIONS, THE EVALUATOR MUST CLASSIFY THE BASIC COGNITIVE SKILLS PERTINENT TO HIS RESEARCH. SOME EXISTING CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS ARE BASED ON TASK ANALYSIS, EMPHASIZE TASK CHARACTERISTICS, AND ARE USED TO IDENTIFY PSYCHOLOGICAL AND/OR EDUCATIONAL PROCESSES. OTHERS, SUCH AS GUILFORD'S "STRUCTURE OF INTELLECT" (1959), ARE BASED ON FACTOR ANALYSIS, EMPHASIZE PERFORMANCE OF HUMAN SUBJECTS, AND INDICATE HOW VARIOUS TASKS (OR TESTS) CLUSTER. THE AUTHOR SUGGESTS THAT SUCH SYSTEMS SHOULD BE AS COMPREHENSIVE AS POSSIBLE SO ANY NUMBER OF COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS COULD BE FIT INTO THE SYSTEM FOR CONSIDERATION. COMPREHENSIVENESS WOULD ALLOW ALL TASKS TO BE CLASSIFIED UNAMBIGUOUSLY IN TERMS WHICH ARE PSYCHOLOGICALLY MEANINGFUL. THE AUTHOR ALSO SUGGESTS THAT GUILFORD'S MODEL IS PROBABLY THE MOST SYSTEMATIC AND INCLUSIVE OF CURRENT CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS AND USES IT AS A FOCUS FOR COMPARING OTHER ANALYSES OF COGNITIVE PROCESSES. FOLLOWING THE ANALYSES OF POSSIBLE TYPES OF COGNITIVE PROCESSES, A DISCUSSION WAS PRESENTED OF THE STEPS NECESSARY TO CONSTRUCT A SCALE WHICH (1) WILL MEASURE PROCESS GENERALIZATION OVER DIFFERENT CONTENTS OR WITH DIFFERENT TASKS AND (2) WILL BE A SCALE ALONG WHICH EMPIRICAL RESULTS CAN BE GENERALIZED. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for the Study of Evaluation.
Identifiers: GUILFORDS STRUCTURE OF INTELLECT