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ERIC Number: ED013863
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Nov-17
Pages: 56
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
COMPENSATORY EDUCATION IN THE EQUALIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY--A SUMMARY EVALUATION OF COMPENSATORY EDUCATION, SOME MODELS FOR ITS IMPROVED APPLICATION AND SOME PROJECTED COSTS OF THEIR IMPLEMENTATION. A REPORT TO THE U.S. COM. ON CIVIL RIGHTS.
GORDON, EDMUND W.; JABLONSKY, ADELAIDE
IN THIS REPORT TO THE COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS, THE NATURE AND IMPACT OF EXISTING COMPENSATORY EDUCATION PROGRAMS ARE EVALUATED, GENERAL CRITERIA FOR THE SUCCESS OF SUCH PROGRAMS ARE DETERMINED, AND THE COST FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF EFFECTIVE PROGRAMS IS ESTIMATED. AFTER A REVIEW OF NINE CURRENT COMPENSATORY PROGRAMS THE REPORT CONCLUDES THAT PRESENT COMPENSATORY PRACTICES DO NOT SUFFICIENTLY IMPROVE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN DISADVANTAGED STUDENTS. HOWEVER, CONTRARY TO THE OPINIONS OF MANY, SCHOOL INTEGRATION, WHILE HIGHLY DESIRABLE, DOES NOT REALLY SOLVE THIS PROBLEM, AND DELAYING ACTION UNTIL THE SCHOOLS BECOME DESEGREGATED COMPOUNDS THE EXISTING EDUCATIONAL DEFICIENCIES OF POOR CHILDREN. WHAT IS SUGGESTED IN THIS REPORT, THEN, IS A COMPREHENSIVE MODEL FOR INTEGRATED, QUALITY EDUCATION BASED UPON TEN SPECIFIC CRITERIA FOR EFFECTIVE INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS. THIS PROGRAM WOULD BEGIN WITH INTENSIVE AND EXTENSIVE EARLY CHILD CARE SERVICES, AND WOULD FOLLOW THE INDIVIDUAL THROUGH PRIMARY, ELEMENTARY, AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS. THE MODEL OPTIMALLY INCLUDES STUDENTS FROM ALL BACKGROUNDS BUT PRIMARILY POOR CHILDREN WHO CANNOT ACHIEVE ACADEMIC COMPETENCE AT EXPECTED AND NECESSARY LEVELS. THE PROGRAM INCLUDES AN EXTENDED SCHOOL DAY, WEEK, AND YEAR, AND PROVIDES SOCIAL, HEALTH, AND OTHER WELFARE SERVICES. IT ALSO PROVIDES FOR WORK EXPERIENCE AND RESIDENT CAMPING FOR OLDER YOUTH. THE ESTIMATED COST OF SUCH A PROGRAM FOR THE EXITNG 30.4 MILLION DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN ALONE IS $101 BILLION A YEAR. HOWEVER, THE EQUALIZING OF EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY SEEMS NOT TO BE A NATIONAL"PRIORITY GOAL," AND THE OBTAINING OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE WILL NOT BE EASY. (LB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Yeshiva Univ., New York, NY. ERIC Clearinghouse for Urban Disadvantaged.
Identifiers: Banneker School Project; Department of Defense; Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I; Elementary Secondary Education Act Title III; Higher Horizons Program; More Effective Schools Program; PROJECT CASE 2; PROJECT HEADSTART; Project 100000; UPWARD BOUND