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ERIC Number: ED013862
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Sep
Pages: 188
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SOME EFFECTS OF AUDIO-VISUAL TECHNIQUES ON ASPIRATIONAL LEVEL AND ETHNOCENTRIC SHIFT. FINAL REPORT.
TEAHAN, JOHN E.
TWELVE SHORT FILMS REPRESENTING TWELVE SUCCESSFUL NEGRO AND WHITE MEN WERE SHOWN TO EXPERIMENTAL GROUPS OF STUDENTS FROM WHITE AND PREDOMINANTLY NEGRO ELEMENTARY AND JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS. PRETESTING AND POSTTESTING INSTRUMENTS MEASURED THE STUDENTS' ATTITUDES TOWARD THEIR OWN AND OPPOSITE RACE AND THEIR "WISHED FOR" AND PREDICTED VOCATIONAL GOALS. THE EFFECT OF THE FILMS ON NEGRO AND WHITE STUDENTS IN BOTH A SMALL MID-WESTERN CITY AND IN A LARGE EASTERN METROPOLITAN AREA WAS STUDIED. SIGNIFICANTLY, AFTER THE FILMS THE DEGREE OF PREJUDICE IN AN ALL-WHITE SUBURBAN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ACTUALLY INCREASED WITH THE LEVEL OF THE STUDENTS' SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS. THESE MIDDLE-CLASS STUDENTS MAY HAVE PERCEIVED THE SUCCESSFUL NEGROES AS A STATUS THREAT. IN CONTRAST, AT AN URBAN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL WITH A 47 PERCENT WHITE POPULATION, THERE WAS LESS PREJUDICE AMONG THE MIDDLE-CLASS STUDENTS THAN AMONG THE LOWER-CLASS STUDENTS, WHO ALONG WITH NEGRO STUDENTS HAVE A LOW ACHIEVEMENT LEVEL AND THUS MAY HAVE NEEDED TO RATE NEGROES NEGATIVELY TO MAINTAIN WHAT LITTLE STATUS SUPERIORITY THEY COULD CLAIM AS WHITES. NEGRO ELEMENTARY STUDENTS BECAME MORE POSITIVE TOWARDS THEIR OWN RACE, BUT EXPRESSED A SIGNIFICANTLY INCREASED HOSTILITY TOWARDS WHITES. ALSO, NEGRO ELEMENTARY AND JUNIOR HIGH STUDENTS PREDICTED FOR THEMSELVES A HIGHER VOCATIONAL LEVEL IN TERMS OF ALREADY STATED "WISHED FOR" GOALS. APPENDIXES INCLUDE THE FILM PRESENTATION INSTRUCTIONS AND PRETESTING AND POST-TESTING INSTRUMENTS. (LB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Milwaukee.
Identifiers: National Defense Education Act Title VII