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ERIC Number: ED013861
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SOCIALIZATION FOR BICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT--A CASE STUDY.
SPRADLEY, JAMES P.
AN INDIVIDUAL MAY RESPOND TO A BICULTURAL ENVIRONMENT IN A VARIETY OF WAYS RANGING FROM TOTAL REJECTION OF WESTERN VALUES, OR PASSIVE WITHDRAWAL FROM EITHER CULTURAL SYSTEM, TO CREATIVE PARTICIPATION IN BOTH CULTURES. TO DETERMINE WHAT EARLY SOCIALIZATION EXPERIENCES MIGHT RESULT IN AN INDIVIDUAL'S SUCCESSFUL, CREATIVE ADJUSTMENT TO A BICULTURAL ENVIRONMENT, DETAILED DATA HAVE BEEN GATHERED ON ONE PARTICULARLY WELL-ADAPTED, BICULTURAL KWAKIUTL INDIAN. TAPED INTERVIEWS, OBSERVATION, STANDARD INTELLIGENCE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS, AND A CROSS-CULTURAL VALUE ORIENTATION QUESTIONNAIRE, AMONG OTHER RESEARCH TECHNIQUES, REVEALED THAT THE FOLLOWING FACTORS HAD AFFECTED THE SUBJECT'S SUCCESSFUL INTERNALIZATION OF BOTH WESTERN AND INDIAN VALUES--(1) BECAUSE OF HIS FAMILY BACKGROUND THE SUBJECT WAS SPECIFICALLY TRAINED FOR A LEADERSHIP ROLE IN KWAKIUTL SOCIETY AND THUS DEVELOPED THE CONFIDENT SENSE OF INDIAN IDENTITY NECESSARY FOR HIS BICULTURALISM, (2) THE SUBJECT HAD BOTH INDIAN AND WESTERN-ORIENTED MODELS WITH WHOM HE COULD IDENTIFY, (3) HE RECEIVED SPECIAL ATTENTION AND RESPECT FROM THESE MODELS AND THUS DEVELOPED A STRONG EGO, (4) WITH THE HELP OF HIS INDIAN SCHOOL TEACHER HE WAS TAUGHT TO ACTIVELY CONSIDER THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE TWO CULTURES, AND (5) FREQUENT SOCIAL ISOLATION FROM HIS PEERS WHEN HE WAS YOUNG ALLOWED THE SUBJECT MORE FREEDOM FROM PAST TRADITION THAN HE WOULD HAVE HAD IF HE HAD PLAYED WITH OTHER TRIBAL CHILDREN, AND MORE OPPORTUNITY TO CHOOSE WHICH CULTURE HE WOULD FOLLOW IN PARTICULAR SITUATIONS. (LB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: IDENTITY MODELS; Kwakiutl (Tribe)