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ERIC Number: ED013679
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Jul
Pages: 74
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
FARM LABOR ORGANIZING 1905-1967, A BRIEF HISTORY.
TOONI, LINDA LEWIS; AND OTHERS
AGRICULTURAL LABORERS HAVE BEEN INEFFECTIVE IN ORGANIZING A LABOR UNION. THE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS ACT WRITTEN IN 1935 ORIGINALLY HAD PROVISIONS FOR AGRICULTURAL LABORERS, BUT IT WAS DELETED BEFORE FINAL PASSAGE. EARLY ORGANIZING ATTEMPTS OCCURRED IN THE LATE YEARS OF THE 19TH CENTURY WHEN CHINESE IMMIGRANTS ORGANIZED PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATIONS KNOWN AS TONGS. THE WOBBLIES WERE ORGANIZED IN 1905 AS A RESULT OF A MERGER OF MINERS AND LABOR UNIONS. FARM LABOR ORGANIZING DURING THE DEPRESSION YEARS WAS VIRTUALLY NON-EXISTENT, UNTIL 1934, WHEN THE SOUTHERN TENANT FARMERS UNION WAS ORGANIZED IN ARKANSAS, AND ITS ACTIVITIES PROVIDED GREAT IMPETUS TO ALL UNION ORGANIZATION. IN 1946, THE AFL GRANTED A CHARTER TO THE NATIONAL FARM UNION AND THIS UNION IN TURN BECAME THE NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKERS UNION. THE MISSISSIPPI FREEDOM LABOR UNION WAS ORGANIZED IN 1964 AND PROVIDED A BREAKTHROUGH FOR OTHER LABOR UNIONS SUCH AS THE NATIONAL FARM WORKERS ASSOCIATION, UNITED FARM WORKERS ORGANIZING COMMITTEE, AND AGRICULTURAL WORKERS. ORGANIZATIONAL ACTIVITIES ARE TAKING PLACE IN CALIFORNIA, LOUISIANA, TEXAS, WISCONSIN, MICHIGAN, FLORIDA, NEW JERSEY, AND NEW YORK. THE AFL-CIO HAS BEEN INSTRUMENTAL IN PROVIDING GUIDANCE AND INITIATIVE TO THESE ORGANIZATIONAL ACTIVITIES. (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Advisory Committee on Farm Labor, New York, NY.
Identifiers: American Federation of Labor; NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKERS UNION; NATIONAL FARM LABOR UNION; NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS ACT; SOUTHERN TENANT FARMERS UNION