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ERIC Number: ED013541
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Apr-3
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE RELATIONSHIP OF LEARNER CHARACTERISTICS TO MEDIA STIMULI AND PROGRAMING SEQUENCES.
FILEP, ROBERT T.
THREE EXPERIMENTS WERE CONDUCTED ON THE USE OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION TO TEACH GENERAL SCIENCE TO EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS. THREE VISUAL STIMULUS MODES AND THREE AUDIO STIMULUS MODES WERE USED WITH EITHER LINEAR OR BRANCHING PROGRAMS AND SUBJECT CONTENT WHICH WAS EITHER NON-CONCRETE, CONCRETE, OR ACTION-PROCESS. LEARNER CHARACTERISTICS VARIED WERE IQ, SEX, ACHIEVEMENT, ETHNIC BACKGROUND, PARENT'S OCCUPATIONS, AND APTITUDE. AUTOMATED TEACHING DEVICES WERE USED WHICH INCORPORATED BOTH FILM STRIPS AND SLIDE PROJECTORS. DATA COLLECTED ON AMOUNT LEARNED WERE ANALYZED USING ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE, FACTOR ANALYSIS, MULTIPLE REGRESSION, AND COVARIANCE ANALYSIS. IQ SCORE WAS THE BEST PREDICTOR OF LEARNING. ETHNIC BACKGROUND ACCOUNTED FOR ONLY A SMALL PORTION OF THE TOTAL VARIANCE. A POSITIVE CORRELATION BETWEEN LEARNING AND PARENT'S OCCUPATION WAS SIGNIFICANT FOR ALL THREE EXPERIMENTS. NO SEX DIFFERENCES, INDEPENDENT OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ETHNIC BACKGROUND DIFFERENCES, WERE FOUND. EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN (I.E., LOW IQ, AND NON-WHITE, AND REPRESENTING THE THREE LOWEST OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS) LEARNED BEST WITH THE BRANCHING, NONVERBAL, SOUND TREATMENTS USED IN PRESENTING THE MATERIAL. SOME INDICATIONS WERE FOUND THAT THE EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN LEARNED BETTER WITH THE BRANCHING THAN WITH THE LINEAR PROGRAMS. (RG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: System Development Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; California (Los Angeles)