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ERIC Number: ED013539
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Jul-6
Pages: 42
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN APPROACH TO THE USE OF COMPUTERS IN THE INSTRUCTIONAL PROCESS AND EVALUATION.
SCHURDAK, JOHN J.
RELATIVELY ABLE, WELL-MOTIVATED COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATES AND GRADUATES WERE ASSIGNED AT RANDOM TO 3 GROUPS AND TAUGHT FORTRAN PROGRAMING BY COMPUTER, PROGRAMED TEXT (LINEAR TYPE) AND CONVENTIONAL TEXT. GOAL OF THE COURSE WAS TO USE THE COMPUTER TO ACHIEVE INTELLIGENT INDIVIDUALIZATION OF INSTRUCTION BASED ON EACH STUDENT'S PERFORMANCE. SUBJECTS IN THE COMPUTER GROUP COMMUNICATED WITH A 1440-1448 COMPUTING SYSTEM THROUGH 2 1050 KEYBOARD-TYPE TERMINALS. KEY FEATURES OF COMPUTER INSTRUCTION WERE IMMEDIATE FEEDBACK AND CORRECTION OF ERRORS, AND PROGRESS CONTINGENT ON THE QUALITY OF EACH RESPONSE IN FREQUENT COMPREHENSIVE EXAMINATIONS. ALTERNATE FORMS OF AN ACHIEVEMENT TEST WERE ADMINISTERED ON THE DAY AFTER COMPLETION OF THE COURSE. THE COMPUTER GROUP'S MEAN SCORE WAS SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER THAN THE MEAN SCORES OF EITHER OF THE OTHER GROUPS. THE GROUPS DID NOT DIFFER RELIABLY ON LEARNING RATE, ALTHOUGH ERROR RATE ON DIAGNOSTIC AND DRILL SECTIONS WAS RATHER HIGH. STUDENTS' ATTITUDES TOWARD THE COMPUTER AND EQUIPMENT, AND TOWARD THE PROGRAMED TEXT WERE FAVORABLE. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT THE COMPUTER PROGRAM CAN ADJUST TO A WIDE RANGE OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN LEARNING AND THAT REVISION OF EXISTING CURRICULUM MATERIALS BEFORE USING COMPUTERIZED INSTRUCTION IS NOT NECESSARY. (LH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Business Machines Corp., Yorktown Heights, NY. Thomas J. Watson Research Center.
Identifiers: NEW YORK; New York (New York)