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ERIC Number: ED013513
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Pages: 137
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TERMINOLOGY AND CONCEPTS IN MENTAL RETARDATION. TC SERIES IN SPECIAL EDUCATION.
DAVITZ, JOEL R.; AND OTHERS
A CONTENT ANALYSIS OF THE LITERATURE ON MENTAL RETARDATION GROUPED TERMS INTO FIVE CATEGORIES--GENERAL TERMS, ETIOLOGICAL TERMS, TERMS CONCERNED WITH DEGREE OF RETARDATION, EDUCATIONAL TERMS, AND LEGAL TERMS. FOR EACH GROUP, DISCUSSION SUMMARIZES DEFINITION, PRESENTS AREAS OF AGREEMENT AND DISAGREEMENT, AND POINTS UP ISSUES AND PROBLEMS. A TABLE FOR EACH GROUP LISTS EQUIVALENT TERMS AND ANALYZES MAJOR TERMS IN SEVEN WAYS--ETIOLOGY, INTELLECTUAL FUNCTIONING, EDUCATIONAL FUNCTIONING, MATURATION AND SOCIAL COMPETENCE, PSYCHOLOGICAL (FUNCTIONING AND STATUS), PHYSICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL (STATUS), AND PROGNOSIS. REFERENCES SUPPLYING THE CONCEPTS USED IN A DEFINITION ARE NOTED. THE CONCEPTS OF PSEUDO-FEEBLEMINDEDNESS AND PROBLEMS OF DIAGNOSIS ARE ALSO DISCUSSED. FROM THIS REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE, A TENTATIVE MULTIDIMENSIONAL SYSTEM FOR THE DEFINITION OF TERMS IS PRESENTED. USING THIS SYSTEM, A PERSON CAN BE CLASSIFIED ON THE BASIS OF SIX DIMENSIONS--ETIOLOGY, INTELLIGENCE, MATURATION, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL STATUS, PHYSICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS, AND PROGNOSIS. EACH OF THESE SIX DIMENSIONS IS FURTHER DIVIDED SO THAT A PERSON CAN BE CLASSIFIED TO INDICATE GENERAL ABILITY AND SPECIFIC STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES. THUS A GENERAL SYSTEM FOR DEFINITION IS PRESENTED. FOLLOWUP STUDIES OF INTELLECTUAL, VOCATIONAL, AND SOCIAL FUNCTIONING OF FEEBLEMINDED PERSONS ARE SUMMARIZED IN THE HOPE OF DEVELOPING A CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM BASED ON ADEQUATE PROGNOSTIC KNOWLEDGE. REFERENCE LIST CITES 368 ITEMS. (MY)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Teachers College.
Identifiers: N/A